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Scientific Advance and the Effectiveness of Democracy in Mena

Author

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  • Hoda Abd El Hamid Ali Mohamed

    (Assistant Professor Of Economics Department: Economics and Foreign Trade Faculty: Commerce and Business Administration Institution: Helwan University Cairo/Egypt)

Abstract

The study employs individual- level data on more than 6000 individuals from three countries in the MENA region to investigate the extent to which an individual’s own perception about the importance of giving scientific and technological development in the near future impact their perceptions of the effectiveness of democracy and it reduces the desire for a rouge leader. We find a positive and strong relation between the perceptions regarding the importance of scientific and technological development, and the perceptions regarding the effectiveness of democracy in the whole region. The evidence of such relationship is much stronger in low democratic countries like Egypt, and Morocco than in a higher democratic country like Turkey. People’s beliefs about the effectiveness of democracy as a system of governance are also shaped by more income equality, economic prosperity, and the level and satisfaction with household income especially in countries with low levels of democracy. The results suggest that there should be more emphasis on scientific and technological development in the near future in order to have _effective democracy in the low democratic countries in the region.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoda Abd El Hamid Ali Mohamed, 2013. "Scientific Advance and the Effectiveness of Democracy in Mena," Journal of Asian Scientific Research, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(11), pages 1058-1071, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:joasrj:2013:p:1058-1071
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Duha Altindag & Naci Mocan, 2010. "Joblessness and Perceptions about the Effectiveness of Democracy," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 99-123, June.
    2. Papaioannou, Elias & Siourounis, Gregorios, 2008. "Economic and social factors driving the third wave of democratization," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 365-387, September.
    3. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson & Pierre Yared, 2008. "Income and Democracy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(3), pages 808-842, June.
    4. Robert J. Barro, 1999. "Determinants of Democracy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(S6), pages 158-183, December.
    5. repec:cup:apsrev:v:53:y:1959:i:01:p:69-105_00 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:ucp:bkecon:9780226731445 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Barro, Robert J, 1996. "Democracy and Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 1-27, March.
    8. Treisman, Daniel, 2000. "The causes of corruption: a cross-national study," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(3), pages 399-457, June.
    9. Daron Acemoglu & James A. Robinson, 2000. "Why Did the West Extend the Franchise? Democracy, Inequality, and Growth in Historical Perspective," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(4), pages 1167-1199.
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