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The Historical Development of the Laws Relating to Child Sexual Exploitation Prior to the Passing of the UNCRC in 1989


  • Najwa Rosli

    (Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

  • Farah Nini Dusuki

    (Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)


The abuse of children for sexual purposes has a long-standing history. It evolved due to many factors such as disparity in gender, misled religious beliefs, acceptable customary practices, superstition and economic development and it remains severe globally. The United Nations Children?s Fund (?UNICEF?) estimated in 2014 that about 120 million girls under the age of 18 have been subjected to forced sexual acts at some point of their lives. Even though this statistic covers all categories of sexual abuse, including exploitative as well as non-exploitative forms, the number is irrefutably alarming and UNICEF acknowledges that sexual violence, including sexual exploitation, is one of the most disconcerting of violations against the rights of children. Owing to the severity of the matter, protecting the children against sexual exploitation and abuse has become an international agenda since the late 1800s. It is now universally established under Article 34 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (?the UNCRC?) that children have the rights to be protected against any form of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse. This article seeks to canvass the historical development of the laws relating to child sexual exploitation prior to the passing of UNCRC in 1989.

Suggested Citation

  • Najwa Rosli & Farah Nini Dusuki, 2018. "The Historical Development of the Laws Relating to Child Sexual Exploitation Prior to the Passing of the UNCRC in 1989," International Journal of Asian Social Science, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 8(11), pages 968-973, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:ijoass:2018:p:968-973

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sarah Beresford, 2014. "The Age of Consent and the Ending of Queer Theory," Laws, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(4), pages 1-21, October.
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