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Exports and Imports in Qatar: Evidence from Cointegration and Error Correction Model

Author

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  • Abdulla S. Al-Khulaifi

    (P.O.Box 1112 Doha – Qatar)

Abstract

This paper investigates the existence of long-run relationship between exports and imports in Qatar’s economy using Johansen cointegration approach. Qatar is a small open economy that depends on the outside world for exporting its oil, natural gas and its hydrocarbons and to import consumer and capital goods. Exports compose a major proportion of GDP. Annual data for the period from 1980-2011 were used. ADF and Phillip-Perron unit root tests were applied to time series data and variables were found to be integrated of order one. Exports and imports were found to be cointegrated and hence, a long-run relationship exists between exports and imports, and Qatar is not in violation of its international budget constraints. An error correction model was specified and imports were found to Granger cause exports in the long-run.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdulla S. Al-Khulaifi, 2013. "Exports and Imports in Qatar: Evidence from Cointegration and Error Correction Model," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(9), pages 1122-1133, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:aeafrj:2013:p:1122-1133
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. KONYA, Laszlo & SINGH, Jai Pal, 2008. "Are Indian Exports And Imports Cointegrated?," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 8(2), pages 177-186.
    2. MacKinnon, James G & Haug, Alfred A & Michelis, Leo, 1999. "Numerical Distribution Functions of Likelihood Ratio Tests for Cointegration," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(5), pages 563-577, Sept.-Oct.
    3. S. Mahendra Dev, 2008. "India," Chapters,in: Handbook on the South Asian Economies, chapter 1 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Husted, Steven, 1992. "The Emerging U.S. Current Account Deficit in the 1980s: A Cointegration Analysis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(1), pages 159-166, February.
    5. Granger, C. W. J., 1988. "Some recent development in a concept of causality," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 199-211.
    6. Dierk Herzer & Felicitas Nowak-Lehmann D., 2005. "Are exports and imports of Chile cointegrated?," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 111, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
    7. Arize, Augustine C., 2002. "Imports and exports in 50 countries: Tests of cointegration and structural breaks," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 101-115, April.
    8. Jiranyakul, Komain, 2011. "Are Thai Manufacturing Exports and Imports of Capital Goods Related?," MPRA Paper 45654, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Antwi-Boateng, Cosmos, 2015. "Is Ghana achieving sustainable trade balance in the participation of international trade? time series assessment for Ghana," MPRA Paper 67268, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. repec:arp:ijefrr:2018:p:1-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Hye, Qazi Muhammad Adnan & Wizarat, Shahida & Lau, Wee-Yeap, 2013. "Trade-led growth hypothesis: An empirical analysis of South Asian countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 654-660.

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