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The Relative Effectiveness of Monetary and Fiscal Policies in Economic Growth: A Case Study of Pakistan


  • Tariq Mahmood

    (Graduate Student, Department of Economics, University of Sargodha.)

  • Maqbool Hussain Sial

    (Dean Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Sargodha)


In this study the role of monetary and fiscal policies in economic growth of Pakistan is studied using time series data for the period 1973-2008. The objective of this study is to discover the ways by which fiscal and monetary policies can be established to boost economic growth, highlight present Pakistan fiscal and monetary challenges to discover regions which may yield upgrading to the fiscal and monetary framework and consequently increase employment opportunities and the budget revenues in Pakistan. The augmented Dickey Fuller unit root procedure is used to check the time series properties. The Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model technique is used to find the long-run relationship between fiscal /monetary policy and economic growth. The results show that monetary and fiscal policies both play a significant role in the economic growth of Pakistan. The relationship between GDP and Government Current Expenditure (GCE) is found to be negative while, Currency in Circulation (CIR) and Government Development Expenditure (GDE) affect GDP positively in case of Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Tariq Mahmood & Maqbool Hussain Sial, 2011. "The Relative Effectiveness of Monetary and Fiscal Policies in Economic Growth: A Case Study of Pakistan," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 1(4), pages 236-244, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:aeafrj:2011:p:236-244

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jürgen von Hagen & Susanne Mundschenk, 2003. "Fiscal and monetary policy coordination in EMU," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(4), pages 279-295.
    2. V. Anton Muscatelli & Patrizio Tirelli, 2005. "Analyzing the Interaction of Monetary and Fiscal Policy: Does Fiscal Policy Play a Valuable Role in Stabilisation?," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 51(4), pages 549-585.
    3. van Aarle, Bas & Garretsen, Harry & Gobbin, Niko, 2003. "Monetary and fiscal policy transmission in the Euro-area: evidence from a structural VAR analysis," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 55(5-6), pages 609-638.
    4. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:8:y:2006:i:11:p:1-11 is not listed on IDEAS
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    1. repec:khe:scajes:v:3:y:2017:i:3:p:24-32 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Şen, Hüseyin & Kaya, Ayşe, 2015. "The relative effectiveness of Monetary and Fiscal Policies on growth: what does long-run SVAR model tell us?," MPRA Paper 65903, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Aug 2015.


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