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Appraisal of Trade Potency on Economic Growth in Sudan: New Empirical and Policy Analysis

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  • Sayef Bakari

    (PhD Student, Department of Economic Science, LIEI, Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management of Tunis (FSEGT), University of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia)

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between domestic investment, exports, imports, and economic growth in Sudan. In order to achieve this purpose, annual data were collected from the reports of World Bank for the periods between 1976 and 2015, was tested by using Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and Phillip-Perron (PP) stationary test, co integration analysis of Vector Error Correction Model and the Granger-Causality tests.? According to the result of the analysis, unit root tests show that economic growth, domestic investment, exports and imports series become stationary when first difference is considered. Also, it was determined by using co integration analysis that there is relationship between the four variables in Sudan. Also, and according to the Vector Error Correction Model, there is no relationship between variables in the long run term. On the other hand, and according to the Granger-Causality tests, we defined that in the short run term, only economic growth cause domestic investment. These results provide evidence that Reforms and measures in economic strategies are still insufficient to make trade and domestic investment able to boost the Sudan?s economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Sayef Bakari, 2017. "Appraisal of Trade Potency on Economic Growth in Sudan: New Empirical and Policy Analysis," Asian Development Policy Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(4), pages 213-225, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:adprev:2017:p:213-225
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki, 2017. "Impact Of Exports And Imports On Economic Growth: New Evidence From Panama," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 2(1), pages 67-79, March.
    5. Asafu-Adjaye, John & Chakraborty, Debasish, 1999. "Export-Led Growth and Import Compression: Further Time Series Evidence from LDCs," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(2), pages 164-175, June.
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    8. Sayef Bakari, 2017. "The Three-Way Linkages Between Export, Import And Economic Growth: New Evidence From Tunisia," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 2(3), pages 13-53, December.
    9. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 1-118.
    10. Bakari, Sayef, 2017. "The Nexus between Export, Import, Domestic Investment and Economic Growth in Japan," MPRA Paper 76110, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Edwards, Sebastian, 1993. "Openness, Trade Liberalization, and Growth in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 31(3), pages 1358-1393, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ratneswary Rasiah & Vinitha Guptan & Muzafar Shah Habibullah, 2018. "Evaluating the Impact of Financial and Economic Factors on Environmental Degradation: A Panel Estimation Study of Selected Asean Countries," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 8(6), pages 209-216.
    2. Bakari, Sayef, 2018. "The Impact Of Citrus Exports On Economic Growth: Empirical Analysis From Tunisia," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 6(1), January.
    3. Bakari, Sayef, 2018. "The Impact of Domestic Investment on Economic Growth New Policy Analysis from Algeria," Bulletin of Economic Theory and Analysis, BETA Journals, vol. 3(1), pages 35-51, March.
    4. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki, 2019. "The Relationship Between Economic Growth, Exports And Imports In Morocco: An Empirical Validation Based On Var Modeling Techniques And Causality In The Meaning Of Granger," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 4(3), pages 47-55, December.
    5. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki & Asma Elmakki, 2018. "The Nexus Between Industrial Exports And Economic Growth In Tunisia: Empirical Analysis," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 3(2), pages 31-53, December.
    6. Bakari, Sayef & Fakraoui, Nissar & Mabrouki, Mohamed, 2020. "The Contribution of Domestic Investment, Exports and Imports on Economic Growth: A Case Study of Peru," MPRA Paper 99041, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Sayef Bakari & Sofien Tiba & Nissar Fakraoui, 2019. "Does Domestic Investment Contribute To Economic Growth In Uruguay? What Did The Empirical Facts Say?," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 4(2), pages 53-69, September.
    8. Bakari, Sayef & Khalfallah, Sirine & Zidi, Ahmed, 2020. "The Determinants of Agricultural Exports: Empirical Validation for the Case of Tunisia," MPRA Paper 100611, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki & Abdelhafidh Othmani, 2018. "The Six Linkages Between Foreign Direct Investment, Domestic Investment, Exports, Imports, Labor Force And Economic Growth: New Empirical And Policy Analysis From Nigeria," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 3(1), pages 25-43, Juin.
    10. Sayef Bakari, 2017. "The Relationship between Export, Import, Domestic Investment and Economic Growth in Egypt: Empirical Analysis," EuroEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 2(36), pages 34-43, November.
    11. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki, 2017. "The Effect Of Agricultural Exports On Economic Growth In South-Eastern Europe: An Empirical Investigation Using Panel Data," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 2(4), pages 49-64, December.
    12. Bakari, Sayef & Mabrouki, Mohamed, 2018. "The Impact of Agricultural Trade on Economic Growth in North Africa: Econometric Analysis by Static Gravity Model," MPRA Paper 85116, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Bakari, Sayef & Fakraoui, Nissar & Sofien, Tiba, 2019. "Domestic Investment, Export, Import and Economic Growth in Brazil: An Application of Vector Error Correction Model," MPRA Paper 95474, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki & Asma Elmakki, 2018. "The Impact of Domestic Investment in the Industrial Sector on Economic Growth with Partial Openness: Evidence from Tunisia," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 38(1), pages 111-128.
    15. Bakari, Sayef, 2017. "Why is South Africa Still a Developing Country?," MPRA Paper 80763, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Bakari, Sayef, 2017. "The Impact of Olive Oil Exports on Economic Growth: Empirical Analysis from Tunisia," MPRA Paper 82812, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Oct 2017.
    17. Bakari, Sayef, 2021. "Are Domestic Investments in Spain a Source of Economic Growth?," MPRA Paper 105526, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exports; Imports; Economic growth; Sudan; Cointegration; Vector error correction model and causality.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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