IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Maternal Health-Care in India: The Case of Tetanus Toxoid Vaccination


  • Rana Ejaz Ali Khan

    (Associate Professor, Department of Economics The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur. Pakistan)

  • Muhammad Ali Raza

    (M.Phil. student, Applied Economics Research Center University of Karachi, Karachi.Pakistan.)


Prenatal-care is one of the important elements of maternal health-care. In this paper an attempt has been made to examine the socioeconomic determinants of Tetanus Toxoid (TT) vaccination as a component of prenatal-care by the women in the age group of 15-49 years. Micro-data having 25847 observations from Indian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) has been used. To estimate the probability of TT vaccination binary logistic regression has been utilized. The explanatory variables categorized into socio-demographic characteristics of the woman, household characteristics, health-related characteristics, community characteristics and regional characteristics have been included in the analysis. The results explained that probability to have TT vaccination increases by woman? education, woman? age at marriage, husband?s age, husband?s education, husband?s living within household, husband?s presence at prenatal visit and household wealth. The woman?s living in small city, town and country side as well as final say on woman?s health-care by woman and husband collectively, and husband alone decrease the probability of TT vaccination. The study proposed targeted approach to enhance the TT vaccination in Indian women. The marginalized households should be targeted through cash transfer programs. Furthermore, the small cities and country sides should also be focused. The awareness and education of woman along with husband?s participation in maternal health-care cannot be ignored in policy making.

Suggested Citation

  • Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Muhammad Ali Raza, 2013. "Maternal Health-Care in India: The Case of Tetanus Toxoid Vaccination," Asian Development Policy Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 1(1), pages 1-14, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:adprev:2013:p:1-14

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Habibov, Nazim N., 2011. "On the socio-economic determinants of antenatal care utilization in Azerbaijan: evidence and policy implications for reforms," Health Economics, Policy and Law, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(2), pages 175-203, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Muhammad Ali Raza, 2017. "Utilization of Quality Source of Prenatal-Care in India: An Evidence from IDHS," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 131(3), pages 1163-1178, April.
    2. Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Iqra Aslam, 2017. "Child Immunization in Pakistan: Socio-Institutional and Regional Aspects," Asian Journal of Economic Modelling, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(1), pages 49-56, March.
    3. Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Muhammad Ali Raza, 2016. "Utilization of prenatal-care in India: an evidence from IDHS," Journal of Social and Economic Development, Springer;Institute for Social and Economic Change, vol. 18(1), pages 175-201, October.
    4. Khan, Rana Ejaz Ali & Raza, Muhammad Ali, 2013. "Maternal Health Care: The Case of Iron Supplementation in India," MPRA Paper 66555, University Library of Munich, Germany.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:asi:adprev:2013:p:1-14. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chan Hoi Yan). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.