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The Impact of Climate Change on the Economics of Dairy Farming – a Review and Evaluation

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  • Martinsohn, Maria
  • Hansen, Heiko

Abstract

The impact of climate change has become a major concern within the agricultural profession. While many studies on Climate Change Impact Assessment (CCIA) deal with crop farming, little has been done with regard to livestock farming. This paper aims to shed light on the present state of research in the field of dairy farming, one of the major sectors in agriculture, in a three-fold manner. First, potential climate change impacts in dairy farming are discussed qualitatively. Second, challenges and methodological approaches in economic CCIA are presented, with a closer look at the issue of climate data and farm-level adaptation. Third, an overview and assessment of available studies on economic CCIA in dairy farming along a set of evaluation criteria is provided. The paper concludes with further research opportunities in this field. Die Auswirkungen des Klimawandels auf die Landwirtschaft sind zu einem zentralen Thema agrarwissenschaftlicher Forschung geworden. Während sich viele Studien zur Klimafolgenforschung auf den Pflanzenbau konzentrieren, hat die Tierhaltung in dem Zusammenhang bisher nur wenig Beachtung gefunden. Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht den derzeitigen Stand der Forschung im Bereich der Milchviehhaltung, einem zentralen Produktionszweig der Landwirtschaft, in dreierlei Hinsicht. Zunächst werden die potenziellen Folgen des Klimawandels für die Milchviehhaltung diskutiert. Des Weiteren werden verschiedene Herausforderungen und methodische Ansätze der Klimafolgenforschung aufgezeigt, wobei insbesondere auf das Problem der Klimadaten und der Anpassung auf der landwirtschaftlichen Betriebsebene eingegangen wird. Schließlich erfolgt eine Analyse der bestehenden Literatur zur Klimafolgenforschung, die sich mit den ökonomischen Auswirkungen auf die Milchviehhaltung beschäftigt, anhand einer Reihe von Bewertungskriterien. Der Beitrag endet mit Schlussfolgerungen im Hinblick auf neue und sich abzeichnende Forschungsmöglichkeiten.

Suggested Citation

  • Martinsohn, Maria & Hansen, Heiko, 2012. "The Impact of Climate Change on the Economics of Dairy Farming – a Review and Evaluation," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 61(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joiatd:199773
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Deschenes, Olivier & Greenstone, Michael, 2004. "The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Profits and Random Fluctuations in Weather," University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics Working Paper Series qt6w7242cj, Department of Economics, UC Santa Barbara.
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    10. Geigel, Joanne M. & Sundquist, W. Burt, 1984. "A Review And Evaluation Of Weather-Crop Yield Models," Staff Papers 13699, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
    11. Francesco Bosello & Jian Zhang, 2005. "Assessing Climate Change Impacts: Agriculture," Working Papers 2005.94, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
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