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Einkommensdiversifikation landwirtschaftlicher Haushalte in Schleswig-Holstein

Author

Listed:
  • Rathmann, Christoph
  • Renner, Swetlana
  • Pieniadz, Agata
  • Glauben, Thomas
  • Loy, Jens-Peter

Abstract

In dem Beitrag wird am Beispiel von Primärdaten für landwirtschaftliche Betriebe in Schleswig-Holstein der Frage nach den Bestimmungsgründen für Aufnahme, Umfang und Diversifikation der außerbetrieblichen Einkommensquellen nachgegangen. Für die Messung der farmspezifischen Diversifikation wurde auf das Konzept von Gollop und Monahan zurückgegriffen. Die Zusammenhänge zwischen diesem Ausmaß und anderen betrieblichen und hauswirtschaftlichen Eigenschaften wurden mittels eines ökonometrischen Modells untersucht. Die Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass die Steigerung des Einkommens bzw. das Streben nach optimaler Ressourcennutzung bei den Diversifikationsentscheidungen im Vordergrund stehen. Dabei stellt die Risikominimierung ein eher nachrangiges Ziel für die Aufnahme außerbetrieblicher Aktivitäten dar. Der Zugang zu Ressourcen (Arbeit, Kapital) ist diesbezüglich eine wesentliche Voraussetzung für die Erschließung und den Umfang alternativer Einkommensquellen. Die Qualifikation des Betriebsleiters spielt eine wichtige Rolle. Mit steigendem Ausbildungsgrad erhöht sich die Diversifikationsneigung. Diese und weitere Erkenntnisse sind bei der Gestaltung von effizienten Politikmaßnahmen relevant, um die verschiedenartigen Bedürfnisse der landwirtschaftlichen Haushalte zu berücksichtigen. This article investigates the degree of income diversification and identifies its determinants in a selected German Land, Schleswig-Holstein. We apply the concept of Gollop and Monahan to measure the farm’s specific diversification. To analyze the relationships between income diversification and other farm’s and household’s specific factors, an econometric model has been estimated based on a comprehensive survey data. The results show that the main economic incentive for a farm’s diversification is the expected income increase, whereas risk minimization is less important. The access to resources (labor, capital) is an important requirement for tapping alternative economic activities. The formal agricultural education of the farmer is a significant factor: The higher his education the stronger is the tendency towards diversification. These findings are relevant for the design of agricultural policy measures which aim at explicitly meeting the heterogeneous needs of rural households.

Suggested Citation

  • Rathmann, Christoph & Renner, Swetlana & Pieniadz, Agata & Glauben, Thomas & Loy, Jens-Peter, 2010. "Einkommensdiversifikation landwirtschaftlicher Haushalte in Schleswig-Holstein," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 59(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joiatd:145224
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Block, S. & Webb, P., 2001. "The dynamics of livelihood diversification in post-famine Ethiopia," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 333-350, August.
    2. Stephan Brosig & Thomas Glauben & Thomas Herzfeld & Scott Rozelle & Xiaobing Wang, 2007. "The dynamics of Chinese rural households' participation in labor markets," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 37(2-3), pages 167-178, September.
    3. Glauben, Thomas & Herzfeld, Thomas & Wang, Xiaobing, 2005. "Labor Market Participation of Chinese Agricultural Households," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24516, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
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