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Building African Scientific Capacity for Agricultural Development

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  • Eicher, Carl K.

Abstract

During Africa's first two decades of independence from 1960 to 1980, priority was given to increasing the size of national extension services because it was assumed that technology could be imported from industrial countries and the International Agricultural Research Centers. Over the past decade, donors have turned their attention to assisting national agricultural research systems (NARS). But many NARS are performing poorly and are faced with a high turnover of scientific staff and inadequate operating budgets. Moreover, the present donor-financed project by project and country by country approach to building African scientific capacity is seriously flawed. This paper examines Africa's agricultural research history over the past six decades and draws lessons for strengthening national and regional agricultural research systems over the coming 30 years.

Suggested Citation

  • Eicher, Carl K., 1990. "Building African Scientific Capacity for Agricultural Development," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 4(2), June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaaeaj:172471
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/172471
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lipton, Michael, 1988. "The place of agricultural research in the development of sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 16(10), pages 1231-1257, October.
    2. Lele, Uma & Goldsmith, Arthur A, 1989. "The Development of National Agricultural Research Capacity: India's Experience with the Rockefeller Foundation and Its Significance for Africa," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 37(2), pages 305-343, January.
    3. Jonathan Kydd, 1989. "Maize research in Malawi: Lessons from failure," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 1(1), pages 112-144, January.
    4. Drachoussoff, V., 1965. "Agricultural Change in the Belgian Congo: 1945-1960," Food Research Institute Studies, Stanford University, Food Research Institute, issue 02.
    5. Horton, Douglas, 1986. "Assessing the impact of international agricultural research and development programs," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 453-468, April.
    6. Binswanger, Hans P., 1986. "Evaluating research system performance and targeting research in land-abundant areas of Sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 469-475, April.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Eicher, Carl K. & Rukuni, Mandivamba, 1996. "Reflections On Agrarian Reform And Capacity Building In South Africa," Staff Papers 11703, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    2. Eicher, Carl K., 1995. "Zimbabwe's maize-based Green Revolution: Preconditions for replication," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(5), pages 805-818, May.
    3. Dione, Josue, 1995. "Human Capital Investment for Agricultural Competitiveness in West Africa," 1994 Conference, August 22-29, 1994, Harare, Zimbabwe 183437, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Smale, Melinda, 1995. ""Maize is life": Malawi's delayed Green Revolution," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(5), pages 819-831, May.
    5. Eicher, Carl K., 1999. "Institutions and the African Farmer," Distinguished Economist Lectures 7660, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
    6. Eicher, Carl K., 1994. "Zimbabwe's Green Revolution: Preconditions for Replication in Africa," Staff Papers 201176, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    7. Eicher, C K & Rukuni, M, 1990. "Zimbabwe's Experience in Restructuring Institutions to Support Communal Farmers: Lessons for Namibia," 1990 Symposium, Agricultural Restructuring in Southern Africa, July 24-27, 1990, Swakopmund, Namibia 183522, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. Maredia, Mywish K. & Eicher, Carl K., 1995. "The economics of wheat research in developing countries: The one hundred million dollar puzzle," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 401-412, March.
    9. Eicher, Carl K., 2001. "Africa'S Unfinished Business: Building Sustainable Agricultural Research Systems," Staff Papers 11802, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    10. Pardey, Philip G. & Roseboom, Johannes & Beintema, Nienke M., 1997. "Investments in african agricultural research," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 409-423, March.
    11. Minde, Isaac & Madakadze, Casper & Bashaasha, Bernard, 2014. "Technical and Institutional Capacities of AET Institutions in Eastern and Southern Africa: A Case Study of Three Universities with a Regional Footprint," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 183867, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    12. Beintema, Nienke M. & Pardey, Philip G. & Roseboom, Johannes, 1998. "Educating agricultural researchers: a review of the role of African universities," EPTD discussion papers 36, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    13. Frisvold, George & Ingram, Kevin, 1995. "Sources of agricultural productivity growth and stagnation in sub-Saharan Africa," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 13(1), October.
    14. Rukuni, Mandivamba & Blackie, Malcolm J. & Eicher, Carl K., 1998. "Crafting smallholder-driven agricultural research systems in Southern Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 1073-1087, June.
    15. M. Meltzer, 1995. "Livestock in africa: The economics of ownership and production, and the potential for improvement," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 12(2), pages 4-18, March.
    16. Mazzucato, Valentina & Ly, Samba, 1994. "An Economic Analysis of Research and Technology Transfer of Millet, Sorghum, and Cowpeas in Niger," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54730, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    17. Frisvold, George & Ingram, Kevin, 1995. "Sources of agricultural productivity growth and stagnation in sub-Saharan Africa," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 51-61, October.
    18. Eicher, Carl K., 2004. "Rebuilding Africa'S Scientific Capacity In Food And Agriculture," Staff Papers 11543, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    19. Rukuni, Mandivamba & Blackie, Malcolm J. & Eicher, Carl K., 1997. "Crafting Smallholder-Driven Agricultural Research Systems In Southern Africa," Staff Papers 11531, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.

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