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Rural Non-farm Livelihoods in Transition Economies: Emerging Issues and Policies


  • Davis, Junior


This article reviews key conceptual issues related to the development of the rural non-farm economy (RNFE) in a transition context and analyses available empirical evidence on the role of RNFE during recovery from the transition recession. Growth in the RNFE in the transition countries took place during the recession transition, which shows that it may be distress driven, but the paper explores other factors which may be driving the RNFE. It looks at the RNFE in light of the factors driving income growth and inequality, i.e. endowments and institutions. It concludes that, although not uniform across transition countries, the RNFE should be seen as a component of a growth strategy rather than as a temporary “refuge†or survival one. The patterns of growth of the RNFE will closely follow those of general economic recovery as well as the developments in the agricultural sector itself.

Suggested Citation

  • Davis, Junior, 2006. "Rural Non-farm Livelihoods in Transition Economies: Emerging Issues and Policies," eJADE: electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, Food and Agriculture Organization, Agricultural and Development Economics Division, vol. 3(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ejadef:112606

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Rusali, Mirela, 2009. "Socio-Economic Resource and Structures for the Sustainable Development of Rural Economy," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 6(2), pages 199-216.
    2. George Kwadwo Anane & Patrick Brandful Cobbinah & Job Kwame Manu, 2013. "Sustainability of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Rural Ghana: The Role of Microfinance Institutions," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(8), pages 1003-1017, August.
    3. Traikova, Diana, 2013. "Determinants of non-farm entrepreneurial intentions in a transitional context: Evidence from rural Bulgaria," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), volume 72, number 72.
    4. Solomon Zena Walelign, 2016. "Livelihood strategies, environmental dependency and rural poverty: the case of two villages in rural Mozambique," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 18(2), pages 593-613, April.
    5. Quang Tran, Tuyen, 2012. "A review on the link between nonfarm activities, land and rural livelihoods in Vietnam and developing countries," MPRA Paper 55850, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Nov 2013.
    6. repec:eee:forpol:v:83:y:2017:i:c:p:199-209 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:wbk:wbpubs:28971 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:eur:ejserj:35 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:blg:journl:v:12:y:2017:i:2:p:6-19 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Transition economies; rural livelihoods; rural non-farm economy; rural poverty; rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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