Terms of Trade Shocks and the Non-Monotonic Adjustment of the Current Account
This paper investigates both the dynamic and steady-state effects of anticipated permanent and temporary terms of trade shocks within a two-good small open economy with habit formation and capital adjustment costs. A permanent terms of trade worsening induces a deficit-surplus current account sequence if habits adjust faster than the physical capital. Following a temporary shock, the open country experiences a larger short-run current account deficit triggered by a greater decline in savings, followed by a surplus driven by a drop in investment. Numerical results show that the hump-shaped adjustment of real consumption can lead to overall welfare gains if habit persistence is strong enough, the shock is short-lived, and trade openness is not too high.
Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): 103-104 ()
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- Schubert, Stefan F & Turnovsky, Stephen J, 2002. "The Dynamics of Temporary Policies in a Small Open Economy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(4), pages 604-22, November.
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