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Contraintes horaires sur le marché du travail français: une caractérisation du sous-emploi et du sur-emploi féminin

  • Hélène COUPRIE
  • Xavier JOUTARD

A mismatch between labour demand and supply occurs very often and in several ways. Besides the so-called "constrained" part-time which implies under-employment, over-employment can take place. In the spirit of Van Soest et al. [1990], we estimate a structural microeconometric model of female labour supply in the presence of hours restrictions. The hours distribution is split between full-time (40 hours), reduced-time (35 hours) and part-time (20 hours). This fits quite well the French case as three usual contracting agreements are usually encountered. Moreover, we estimate the effect of individual heterogeneity on the probability to find a job. Young people and people born in France appear to have an increased probability to receive job offers. We find an excess of part-time demand on the French labour market. Finally, we stress the fact that 1 over 5 employed women could have an increased welfare by adjusting her working time.

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Article provided by ENSAE in its journal Annals of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): 86 ()
Pages: 109-138

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Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2007:i:86:p:09
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