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Dynamique des transferts intergénérationnels et effet de démonstration

  • Mohamed JELLAL
  • François-Charles WOLFF

In this paper, we extend the framework of the motives for familial solidarities to three generations. By focusing on upward transfers, we examine the demonstration effect hypothesis where individuals make transfers to their parents in order to be helped in return by their children. We show the limits of this model when the probability of imitation is exogenous. Then, we endogeneize this probability by assuming that imitative behaviors are influenced by the stock of upstream transfers made previously by the parents. The theoretical predictions are tested using two cross-sectional surveys from France. Using different types of upstream transfers, we find little evidence in favor of the demonstration effect hypothesis.

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File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20079117
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Article provided by ENSAE in its journal Annals of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): (2005)
Issue (Month): 77 ()
Pages: 81-107

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Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2005:i:77:p:07
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  1. Arrondel, L. & Laferrere, A., 1998. "Taxation and Wealth Transmission in France," DELTA Working Papers 98-13, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  2. Mohamed Jellal & François-Charles Wolff, 2002. "Aides aux parents âgés et allocation intra-familiale," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(4), pages 863-885.
  3. Francois-Charles Wolff, 2001. "Private intergenerational contact in France and the demonstration effect," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 143-153.
  4. Guttman, Joel M., 2001. "Self-enforcing reciprocity norms and intergenerational transfers: theory and evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 117-151, July.
  5. Jellal, Mohamed & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2002. "Cultural evolutionary altruism: theory and evidence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 241-262, June.
  6. André Masson & Luc Arrondel, 1996. "Gestion du risque et comportements patrimoniaux," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 296(1), pages 63-89.
  7. François-Charles Wolff & Luc Arrondel, 1998. "La nature des transferts inter vivos en France : investissements humains, aides financières et transmission du patrimoine," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 135(4), pages 1-27.
  8. Jellal, Mohamed & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2000. "Shaping intergenerational relationships: the demonstration effect," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 255-261, September.
  9. Hajivassiliou, Vassilis & McFadden, Daniel & Ruud, Paul, 1996. "Simulation of multivariate normal rectangle probabilities and their derivatives theoretical and computational results," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1-2), pages 85-134.
  10. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Les transferts versés aux enfants et aux parents : altruisme ou échange intertemporel?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 142(1), pages 67-91.
  11. André Masson, 1999. "Quelle solidarité intergénérationnelle ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 14(1), pages 27-90.
  12. Mohamed Jellal & François-Charles Wolff, 2003. "Solidarités familiales par la démonstration," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 54(4), pages 785-810.
  13. André Masson & Luc Arrondel, 1991. "Que nous enseignent les enquêtes sur les transferts patrimoniaux en France ?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 100(4), pages 93-128.
  14. Arrondel, L. & Masson, A., 1999. "L'économie des générations: les familles et l'Etat," DELTA Working Papers 1999-19, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  15. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Transferts monétaires "inter vivos" et cycle de vie," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(6), pages 1419-1452.
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