The Impact and Organization of Publicly-Funded Research and development in the European Community
This paper examines R&D activities in the European Community using several Community R&D Information Service (CORDIS) databases. We find that a country's private companies tend to be specialized in the same scientific fields as its universities and public organizations. In addition, we construct indicators of the degree of R&D tacitness and find that greater expected ability to communicate research outcomes encourages less centralized R&D programs. Programs that yield tangible results are less geographically and administratively centralized. The more that research leads to codifiable knowledge, the less centralized R&D activity needs to be.
Volume (Year): (1998)
Issue (Month): 49-50 ()
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