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The Diabetes Epidemic in the South Pacific: A Pilot Study Utilising Hand Grip Strength in Tonga


  • Maria-Eleni Zioupos

    (Russells Hall Hospital, General Surgery, West Midlands Deanery, UK)

  • Joseph Takai

    (Fiji School of Medicine, Fiji National University, Fiji)

  • Joseph Takai
  • Amalia Tsagari

    (Specialist Registrar General Surgery, West Midlands Deanery, UK)

  • Mehtab Ahmad

    (Department of Social and Educational Policy, University of Peloponnese, Greece)

  • Peter Zioupos

    (Cranfield Forensic Institute, Cranfield University, Defence Academy of the UK, Shrivenham, UK)


Hand-grip strength (HGS) has been shown recently to help in predicting disease outcomes and assessing health risk, particularly in cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Studies confirming its link to diabetes (T2DM) suggest there is potential for its use as simple screening tool. This study examined this possibility in a developing-world population, in a cohort of Tongan diabetics. HGS was measured in a randomly selected cohort of patients, comprising in total 149 patients, of which 91 with and 58 without T2DM. Other measurements recorded included patient demographics, blood pressure and date of diabetes diagnosis.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria-Eleni Zioupos & Joseph Takai & Joseph Takai & Amalia Tsagari & Mehtab Ahmad & Peter Zioupos, 2018. "The Diabetes Epidemic in the South Pacific: A Pilot Study Utilising Hand Grip Strength in Tonga," Archives Of Diabetes & Obesity, Lupine Publishers, LLC, vol. 2(1), pages 118-128, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:abr:oajado:v:2:y:2018:i:1:p:118-128
    DOI: 10.32474/ADO.2018.02.000129

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