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Calcium Supplementation: A Review of Oral Calcium Intake on Human Health

Author

Listed:
  • Dr. Gurmeet Singh Sarla

    (Department of General Surgery, Military Hospital Devlali, India)

Abstract

Adequate calcium intake is essential for the maintenance of bone health and the preservation of bone mineral density. The lay person believes that calcium is always good for health. Successful marketing and various clinical practice guidelines have made prescribing calcium supplements a billion dollar market in recent years. The aim of this study was to scan the literature and find out whether calcium supplements should be prescribed to all patients with fractures so as to improve their bone healing or should it be restricted to elderly post- menopausal females who have osteoporotic bones. The inference drawn was that dietary calcium is easier to absorb and may have beneficial effects as compared to calcium supplements and it should be limited to the total daily intake to 1000-1200 mg optimally from dietary sources. Calcium supplementation does not significantly reduce fracture risk in postmenopausal women but it reduces the risk of osteoporosis. It increases the risk of urolithiasis.

Suggested Citation

  • Dr. Gurmeet Singh Sarla, 2019. "Calcium Supplementation: A Review of Oral Calcium Intake on Human Health," Open Access Journal of Oncology and Medicine, Lupine Publishers, LLC, vol. 3(1), pages 226-229, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:abr:joajom:v:3:y:2019:i:1:p:226-229
    DOI: 10.32474/OAJOM.2019.03.000151
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