Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Citations for "Does Trade Raise Income? Evidence from the Twentieth Century"

by Douglas A. Irwin & Marko Tervio

For a complete description of this item, click here. For a RSS feed for citations of this item, click here.
as in new window
  1. Le Goff, Maelan & Singh, Raju Jan, 2013. "Does trade reduce poverty ? a view from Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6327, The World Bank.
  2. Manole, Vlad & Spatareanu, Mariana, 2010. "Trade openness and income -- A re-examination," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 106(1), pages 1-3, January.
  3. Taylor, Alan M. & Wilson, Janine L.F., 2011. "International trade and finance: Complementaries in the United Kingdom 1870-1913 and the United States 1920-1930," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 268-288, February.
  4. Gabriel J. Felbermayr & Wilhelm Kohler, 2006. "Exploring the Intensive and Extensive Margins of World Trade," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 142(4), pages 642-674, December.
  5. Jean-Marc Siroën, 2012. "Core labour standards and exports," Working Papers DT/2012/18, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  6. Rosa Capolupo & Giuseppe Celi, 2008. "Openness And Economic Growth: A Comparative Study Of Alternative Trading Regimes," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 116, pages 5-36.
  7. Alcala, Francisco & Ciccone, Antonio, 2001. "Trade and Productivity," CEPR Discussion Papers 3095, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Königer, Jens & Busse, Matthias & Koopmann, Georg, 2010. "Premises of Aid for Trade," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 13, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  9. Dan Liu & Christopher M. Meissner, 2013. "Market Potential and the Rise of US Productivity Leadership," NBER Working Papers 18819, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Agenor, Pierre-Richard, 2002. "Does globalization hurt the poor?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2922, The World Bank.
  11. Ahmed Nawaz Hakro & Bashir Ahmad Fida, 2009. "Trade and Income Convergence in Selected South Asian Countries and Their Trading Partners," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 14(2), pages 49-70, Jul-Dec.
  12. Ghosh, S. & Yamarik, S., 2006. "Do Regional Trading Arrangements Harm the Environment?. An Analysis of 162 Countries in 1990," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 6(2).
  13. William Poole, 2003. "A perspective on U.S. international trade," Speech, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 25, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  14. Korosteleva, Julia & Lawson, Colin, 2009. "The Belarusian Case of Transition : Whither Financial Repression?," Department of Economics Working Papers 15974, University of Bath, Department of Economics.
  15. Miet Maertens & Liesbeth Colen & Johan F.M. Swinnen, 2008. "Globalization and Poverty in Senegal: A Worst Case Scenario?," LICOS Discussion Papers, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven 21708, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  16. Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Doyle, Eleanor, 2007. "Trade, Productivity and Institutional Quality: Issues and Empirics," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Göttingen 2007 21, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  17. Jeffrey Frankel & Andrew Rose, 2002. "An Estimate Of The Effect Of Common Currencies On Trade And Income," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 117(2), pages 437-466, May.
  18. Måns Söderbom & Francis Teal, 2004. "Openness and Human Capital as Sources of Productivity Growth: An Empirical Investigation," Development and Comp Systems 0409031, EconWPA.
  19. Alan M. Taylor & Janine L. F. Wilson, 2006. "International Trade and Finance under the Two Hegemons: Complementaries in the United Kingdom 1870-1913 and the United States 1920-30," NBER Working Papers 12543, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  20. Rosa Capolupo, . "The New Growth Theoris and their Empirics," Working Papers, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow 2005_4, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
  21. L. Alan Winters & Neil McCulloch & Andrew McKay, 2004. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(1), pages 72-115, March.
  22. Maertens, Miet & Swinnen, Johan F.M., 2007. "Trade, Standards and Poverty. Evidence from Senegal," 106th Seminar, October 25-27, 2007, Montpellier, France 7924, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  23. Felbermayr, Gabriel & Gröschl, Jasmin, 2013. "Natural disasters and the effect of trade on income: A new panel IV approach," Munich Reprints in Economics, University of Munich, Department of Economics 20590, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  24. Michael A. Clemens & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2001. "A Tariff-Growth Paradox? Protection's Impact the World Around 1875-1997," NBER Working Papers 8459, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  25. James Feyrer, 2009. "Distance, Trade, and Income – The 1967 to 1975 Closing of the Suez Canal as a Natural Experiment," NBER Working Papers 15557, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  26. Mitra, Devashish & Ural, Beyza P., 2007. "Indian manufacturing : a slow sector in a rapidly growing economy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4233, The World Bank.
  27. Busse, Matthias & Groizard, José Luis, 2007. "Technology trade in economic development," HWWI Research Papers 2-9, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
  28. Francis Teal & Måns Söderbom, 2003. "Openness and Human Capital as Sources of Productivity Growth: An Empirical Investigation," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2003-06, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  29. Torfinn Harding & Jørn Rattsø, 2005. "The barrier model of productivity growth: South Africa," Discussion Papers, Research Department of Statistics Norway 425, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  30. Yanikkaya, Halit, 2003. "Trade openness and economic growth: a cross-country empirical investigation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 57-89, October.
  31. Jeffrey A. Frankel & Andrew K. Rose, 2005. "Is Trade Good or Bad for the Environment? Sorting Out the Causality," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(1), pages 85-91, February.
  32. Lin, Faqin & Sim, Nicholas C.S., 2013. "Trade, income and the Baltic Dry Index," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1-18.
  33. Lumenga-Neso, Olivier & Olarreaga, Marcelo & Schiff, Maurice, 2001. "On 'Indirect' Trade-Related R&D Spillovers," CEPR Discussion Papers 2871, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  34. Badinger, Harald, 2008. "Trade policy and productivity," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(5), pages 867-891, July.
  35. Muhammad Arshad Khan & Abdul Qayyum, 2007. "Trade Liberalisation, Financial Development and Economic Growth," Trade Working Papers 22204, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  36. Jakob Madsen, 2008. "Trade Barriers, Openness, And Economic Growth," Monash Economics Working Papers 27/08, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  37. Herzer, Dierk, 2009. "Cross-country heterogeneity and the trade-income relationship," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Frankfurt a.M. 2009 13, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  38. Parikh, Ashok & Stirbu, Corneliu, 2004. "Relationship between Trade Liberalisation, Economic Growth and Trade Balance : An Econometric Investigation," HWWA Discussion Papers 282, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  39. Chen, Natalie & Imbs, Jean & Scott, Andrew, 2009. "The dynamics of trade and competition," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 50-62, February.
  40. Thomas Gries & Margarete Redlin, 2012. "Trade Openness and Economic Growth: A Panel Causality Analysis," Working Papers CIE 52, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics.
  41. Chen, Derek H. C. & Dahlman, Carl J., 2004. "Knowledge and development : a cross-section approach," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3366, The World Bank.
  42. Inmaculada Martínez Zarzoso & Laura Márquez Ramos, 2005. "International Trade, Technological Innovation And Income: A Gravity Model Approach," Working Papers. Serie EC, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) 2005-15, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  43. Siroën, Jean-Marc & Bazillier, Remi & Duc, Cindy & Arestoff, Florence & Granger, Clotilde, . "Les normes de travail dans les traités de libre-échange," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/3202, Paris Dauphine University.
  44. Skripnitchenko, Anatoliy & Beladi, Hamid & Koo, Won W., 2004. "Preferential Trade Arrangements: Impacts On Agricultural Trade And Income," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20260, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  45. Bushra Yasmin & Zainab Jehan & Muhammad Ali Chaudhary, 2006. "Trade Liberalization and Economic Development: Evidence from Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 11(1), pages 19-34, Jan-Jun.
  46. Niclas Berggren & Henrik Jordahl, 2005. "Does free trade really reduce growth? Further testing using the economic freedom index," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 122(1), pages 99-114, January.
  47. Edmonds, Eric V & Pavcnik, Nina, 2004. "International Trade and Child Labour: Cross-Country Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 4309, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  48. Yu, Bingxin & Nin-Pratt, Alejandro, 2011. "Agricultural productivity and policies in Sub-Saharan Africa:," IFPRI discussion papers 1150, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  49. Harald Badinger, 2008. "Cross-country evidence on the productivity effects of trade: the role of competition and country size," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(9), pages 671-675.
  50. Albert Park & Dean Yang & Xinzheng Shi & Yuan Jiang, 2006. "Exporting and Firm Performance: Chinese Exporters and the Asian Financial Crisis," Working Papers, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan 549, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  51. Shang-Jin Wei & Yi Wu, 2001. "Globalization and Inequality: Evidence from Within China," NBER Working Papers 8611, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  52. Capolupo, Rosa, 2008. "The New Growth Theories and Their Empirics after Twenty Years," Economics Discussion Papers 2008-27, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  53. Andrew Sumner, 2004. "Why are we still arguing about globalization?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(7), pages 1015-1022.
  54. Andrew Sumner, 2006. "Why Are We Still Arguing about Globalisation," Working Papers id:538, eSocialSciences.
  55. César Calderón & Norman V. Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2008. "Does Openness Imply Greater Vulnerability?," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile, Central Bank of Chile 485, Central Bank of Chile.
  56. Antonio Tena-Junguito, 2009. "Bairoch revisited: tariff structure and growth in the late 19th century," Economic History Working Papers, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History 27869, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
  57. Dang, D Anh, 2010. "Trade Liberalization and Institutional Quality: Evidence from Vietnam," MPRA Paper 26346, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 31 Aug 2010.
  58. Andrew Sumner & Meera Tiwari, 2005. "Poverty and economic policy: what happens when researchers disagree?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(6), pages 791-801.
  59. Juan Carlos Hallak & James Levinsohn, 2004. "Fooling Ourselves: Evaluating the Globalization and Growth Debate," NBER Working Papers 10244, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  60. Gabriel Felbermayr, 2004. "Does trade cause divergence? Dynamic panel data evidence," Economics working papers 2004-07, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  61. Jean-Marie Dufour & Mohamed Taamouti, 2003. "Projection-Based Statistical Inference in Linear Structural Models with Possibly Weak Instruments," CIRANO Working Papers 2003s-39, CIRANO.
  62. Antoni Estevadeordal & Brian Frantz & Alan M. Taylor, 2003. "The Rise And Fall Of World Trade, 1870-1939," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 118(2), pages 359-407, May.
  63. Reuven Glick & Alan M. Taylor, 2005. "Collateral Damage: Trade Disruption and the Economic Impact of War," NBER Working Papers 11565, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  64. Wei-Kang WONG, 2001. "How Good Are Embodied And Disembodied Idea Flows In Bridging Income Gaps And Idea Gaps?," Departmental Working Papers wp0102, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
  65. Klasing, Mariko & Milionis, Petros, 2012. "Reassessing the Evolution of World Trade, 1870-1949," MPRA Paper 39555, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  66. Daniel Sakyi & Jose Villaverde & Adolfo Maza & Krishna Reddy Chittedieonardo, 2012. "Trade Openness, Growth and Development: Evidence from Heterogeneous Panel Cointegration Analysis for Middle-Income Countries," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, UN - RCE - CID.
  67. Kathie Krumm & Homi Kharas, 2004. "East Asia Integrates : A Trade Policy Agenda for Shared Growth," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15038, October.
  68. Giovanni Federico & Nikolaus Wolf, 2011. "Comparative Advantages in Italy: A Long-Run Perspective," Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers) 09, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  69. Dibyendu Maiti & Sugata Marjit, 2009. "Regional Openness, Income Growth And Disparity Across Major Indian States During 1980-2004," Development Economics Working Papers 22927, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  70. César Calderón & Norman Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2006. "External Conditions and Growth Performance," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Ricardo Caballero & César Calderón & Luis Felipe Céspedes & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus (ed.), External Vulnerability and Preventive Policies, edition 1, volume 10, chapter 3, pages 041-070 Central Bank of Chile.
  71. Dave Donaldson, 2011. "Railroads of the Raj: estimating the impact of transportation infrastructure," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 38368, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  72. Marilyne HUCHET-BOURDON & Chantal Le Mouël & Mariana Vijil, 2013. "The relationship between trade openness and economic growth: Some new insights on the openness measurement issue," EcoMod2013 5131, EcoMod.
  73. Ku, Hyejin & Zussman, Asaf, 2010. "Lingua franca: The role of English in international trade," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 250-260, August.
  74. Andrew G. Terborgh, 2003. "The post-war rise of world trade: does the Bretton Woods System deserve credit?," Economic History Working Papers, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History 22351, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
  75. Rosa Capolupo, 2005. "THE NEW GROWTH THEORIES AND THEIR EMPIRICS, Discussion Paper in Economics, University of Glasgow, N. 2005-04 (http://www.gla.ac.uk/Acad/Economics," GE, Growth, Math methods, EconWPA 0506003, EconWPA.
  76. Panagariya, Arvind, 2009. "Miracles and debacles revisited," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 556-572, July.
  77. Łukasz Goczek, 2011. "International Openness and Social Development as Endogenous Determinants of Growth," Working Papers 2011-22, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  78. Siroën, Jean-Marc, 2011. "Social Innovations vs international Trade? Core labour standards and exports," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/5832, Paris Dauphine University.
  79. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin & Dufour, Jean-Marie, 2012. "Identification-robust inference for endogeneity parameters in linear structural models," MPRA Paper 40695, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  80. Zhen Li, 2012. "On The Growth Effects Of Equity Market Liberalization," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 37(2), pages 59-77, June.
  81. Jeffrey A. Frankel & Andrew K. Rose, 2000. "Estimating the Effect of Currency Unions on Trade and Output," NBER Working Papers 7857, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  82. Roll, Richard & Schwartz, Eduardo & Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, 2009. "Options trading activity and firm valuation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 94(3), pages 345-360, December.
  83. Causa, Orsetta & Cohen, Daniel, 2006. "Industrial Productivity in 51 Countries, Rich and Poor," CEPR Discussion Papers 5549, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  84. Arjan Lejour & Vlado Solanic & Paul Tang, 2006. "EU accession and income growth: an empirical approach," CPB Discussion Paper 72, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  85. Allan D. Brunner, 2003. "The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth," IMF Working Papers 03/37, International Monetary Fund.
  86. Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2012. "Does trade openness affect long run growth? Cointegration, causality and forecast error variance decomposition tests for Pakistan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 2325-2339.
  87. Sarkar, Prabirjit, 2007. "Trade Openness and Growth: Is There Any Link?," MPRA Paper 4997, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  88. Dufour, Jean-Marie & Taamouti, Mohamed, 2007. "Further results on projection-based inference in IV regressions with weak, collinear or missing instruments," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 139(1), pages 133-153, July.
  89. Swinnen Johan & Vandeplas Anneleen, 2012. "Rich Consumers and Poor Producers: Quality and Rent Distribution in Global Value Chains," Journal of Globalization and Development, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 2(2), pages 1-30, January.
  90. Axel Borrmann & Matthias Busse & Silke Neuhaus, 2006. "Institutional Quality and the Gains from Trade," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(3), pages 345-368, 08.
  91. William Poole, 2004. "A perspective on U.S. international trade," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Mar, pages 1-8.
  92. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi, 2004. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 131-165, 06.
  93. Kris James Mitchener & Marc Weidenmier, 2008. "Trade and Empire," NBER Working Papers 13765, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  94. Lumenga-Neso, Olivier & Olarreaga, Marcelo & Schiff, Maurice, 2001. "On"indirect"trade-related research and development spillovers," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2580, The World Bank.
  95. Majeed, M Tariq, 2011. "Trade, Poverty and Employment: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan," MPRA Paper 45077, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  96. Jeffrey A. Frankel, 2000. "Globalization of the Economy," NBER Working Papers 7858, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  97. repec:pdn:wpaper:52 is not listed on IDEAS
  98. Bruhn, Miriam & Gallego, Francisco A., 2008. "Good, bad, and ugly colonial activities : studying development across the Americas," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4641, The World Bank.
  99. Meissner, Christopher M., 2014. "Growth from Globalization? A View from the Very Long Run," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 8, pages 1033-1069 Elsevier.
  100. Andreas Billmeier & Tommaso Nannicini, 2007. "Trade Openness and Growth," IMF Working Papers 07/156, International Monetary Fund.
  101. Noguer, Marta & Siscart, Marc, 2005. "Trade raises income: a precise and robust result," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 447-460, March.
  102. Calderon, Cesar & Loayza, Norman & Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus, 2005. "Does openness imply greater exposure ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3733, The World Bank.
  103. Hernando Zuleta, 2012. "Seasonal Fluctuations And Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 37(4), pages 1-27, December.
  104. Hernando Zuleta, 2008. "Seasons, savings and GDP," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 004592, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  105. Patrick Artus, 2006. "Intégration commerciale avec des pays émergents ayant des ressources importantes en main-d'œuvre qualifiée. Quels effets pour les pays européens ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(4), pages 673-704.
  106. J.Salcedo Cain & Rana Hasan & Devashish Mitra, 2010. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty Reduction: New Evidence from Indian States," Working Papers, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University 3333, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, revised Nov 2010.
  107. Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi & Dani Rodrik, 2002. "Institutions Rule," IMF Working Papers 02/189, International Monetary Fund.
  108. Borrmann, Axel & Busse, Matthias, 2006. "The institutional challenge of the ACP/EU Economic Partnership Agreements," HWWI Research Papers 2-3, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
  109. Bigsten, Arne, 2006. "Aid and Economic Development in Africa," Working Papers in Economics 237, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  110. John Romalis, 2007. "Market Access, Openness and Growth," NBER Working Papers 13048, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  111. Lejour, Arjan & Rojas Romasgosa, Hugo & Rodriguez, Victor & Montalvo, Carvos & Van der Zee, Frans, 2009. "Trade costs, Openness and Productivity: Market Access at Home and Abroad," MPRA Paper 21214, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  112. Jose L. Groizard, 2003. "Technology Trade, Productivity and Growth," DEA Working Papers, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Departament d'Economía Aplicada 4, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Departament d'Economía Aplicada.
  113. Andrew Berg & Anne O. Krueger, 2003. "Trade, Growth, and Poverty," IMF Working Papers 03/30, International Monetary Fund.
  114. Jasmin Katrin Gröschl, 2013. "Gravity Model Applications and Macroeconomic Perspectives," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 48, July.
  115. Eleanor Doyle & Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso, 2006. "Relating Productivity and Trade 1980-2000: A Chicken and Egg Analysis," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 147, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.