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Citations for "The Effects of Product Market Competition on Collective Bargaining Agreements: The Case of Foreign Competition in Canada"

by John M. Abowd & Thomas Lemieux

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  1. Sebastian Krautheim & Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr, 2011. "Wages and International Tax Competition," Working Papers, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation 1123, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
  2. Kramarz, Francis, 2003. "Wages and International Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3936, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Bloom, Nicholas & Van Reenen, John, 2011. "Human Resource Management and Productivity," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier.
  4. Eric A. Verhoogen, 2008. "Trade, Quality Upgrading, and Wage Inequality in the Mexican Manufacturing Sector," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 123(2), pages 489-530, 05.
  5. John W. Budd & Josef Konings & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2002. "International Rent Sharing in Multinational Firms," NBER Working Papers 8809, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. R. Alison Felix & James R. Hines, Jr., 2009. "Corporate Taxes and Union Wages in the United States," NBER Working Papers 15263, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Ebell, Monique & Haefke, Christian, 2003. "Product Market Deregulation and Labor Market Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 957, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. bertola, G. & Rogerson, R., 1996. "Institutions and Labor Reallocation," Papers, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi 272, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
  9. Brenda Gannon & Robert Plasman & Francois Rycx & Ilan Tojerow, 2007. "Inter-Industry Wage Differentials and the Gender Wage Gap: Evidence from European Countries," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 38(1), pages 135-155.
  10. Thomas Breda, 2010. "Firms' rents, workers' bargaining power and the union wage premium in France," PSE Working Papers halshs-00564903, HAL.
  11. John W. Budd & Matthew J.Slaughter, 2000. "Are Profits Shared Across Borders? Evidence on International Rent Sharing," NBER Working Papers 8014, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Ricardo Caballero & Muhammad Hammour, 1998. "Improper Churn: Social Costs and Macroeconomic Consequences," Working papers 98-11, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  13. Boulhol, Hervé & Dobbelaere, Sabien & Maioli, Sara, 2006. "Imports as Product and Labor Market Discipline," IZA Discussion Papers 2178, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  14. Pieter A. Gautier, 2001. "The Right Man for the Job," CESifo Working Paper Series 540, CESifo Group Munich.
  15. Alan Manning, 2010. "Imperfect competition in the labour market," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 28729, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  16. repec:dgr:uvatin:2000038 is not listed on IDEAS
  17. Marianne Bertrand, 2004. "From the Invisible Handshake to the Invisible Hand? How Import Competition Changes the Employment Relationship," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(4), pages 723-766, October.
  18. Cheron, A., 2005. "Efficient v.s. equilibrium unemployment with match-specific costs," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 176-183, August.
  19. Fontagne, Lionel & Mirza, Daniel, 2007. "International trade and rent sharing among developed and developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 523-558, May.
  20. Pedro S. Martins, 2004. "Rent Sharing Before and After the Wage Bill," Discussion Paper Series, Department of Economics, Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews 200405, Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews.
  21. Natália Pimenta Monteiro & Miguel Portela, 2007. "Rent-sharing in Portuguese Banking," NIPE Working Papers, NIPE - Universidade do Minho 18/2007, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
  22. Abowd, J.M. & Kramarz, F. & Margolis, D.N., 1995. "High-Wage Workers and High-Wage Firms," Cahiers de recherche, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ 9503, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  23. Alessia Matano & Paolo Naticchioni, 2011. "Rent Sharing as a Driver of the Glass Ceiling Effect," Working Papers - Dipartimento di Economia 12-DEISFOL, Dipartimento di Economia, Sapienza University of Rome, revised 2011.
  24. Arulampalam, Wiji & Devereux, Michael P. & Maffini, Giorgia, 2012. "The direct incidence of corporate income tax on wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 56(6), pages 1038-1054.
  25. Sabien Dobbelaere, 2002. "Joint Estimation of Mark-up and Bargaining Power Parameters for Belgian Manufacturing," LICOS Discussion Papers, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven 12102, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  26. Robert Plasman & François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow, 2006. "Industry wage differentials, unobserved ability, and rent-sharing : Evidence from matched worker-firm data, 1995-2002," Working Paper Research, National Bank of Belgium 90, National Bank of Belgium.
  27. Blanchard, O & Katz, L, 1996. "What We Know and Do Not Know about the Natural Rate of Unemployment," Working papers 96-29, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  28. Christoffel, Kai & Linzert, Tobias, 2005. "The Role of Real Wage Rigidity and Labor Market Frictions for Unemployment and Inflation Dynamics," IZA Discussion Papers 1896, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  29. Pierre Cahuc & Fabien Postel-Vinay & Jean-Marc Robin, 2006. "Wage bargaining with on-the-job search: theory and evidence," Working Papers 150201, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  30. Gautier, Pieter A & Teulings, Coen N, 2005. "How Large are Search Frictions?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5229, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  31. Martins, Pedro S. & Esteves, Luiz A., 2006. "Is There Rent Sharing in Developing Countries? Matched-Panel Evidence from Brazil," IZA Discussion Papers 2317, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  32. Erkki Koskela & Rune Stenbacka, 2005. "Product Market Competition, Profit Sharing and Equilibrium Unemployment," CESifo Working Paper Series 1603, CESifo Group Munich.
  33. Destefanis, Sergio & Mastromatteo, Giuseppe, 2010. "Wage Inequality and Labour-market Performance. A Role for Corporate Social Responsibility - Disuguaglianza salariale e performance del mercato del lavoro," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio di Genova, vol. 63(1), pages 91-120.
  34. Jean-Pierre Danthine & André Kurmann, 2008. "The Macroeconomic Consequences of Reciprocity in Labor Relations," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 109(4), pages 857-881, 03.
  35. Arturo Pérez Mendoza, 2005. "Liberalización comercial y la creación y destrucción de empleo," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 20(1), pages 79-108.
  36. Piekkola, Hannu & Haaparanta, Pertti, 1999. "Liquidity Constraints Faced by Firm and Employment," Discussion Papers, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy 695, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  37. Gürtzgen, Nicole, 2005. "Rent-sharing : Does the Bargaining Regime Make a Difference? Theory and Empirical Evidence," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-15, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  38. John W. Budd & Jozef Konings & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2005. "Wages and International Rent Sharing in Multinational Firms," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(1), pages 73-84, February.
  39. S. Dobbelaere, 2003. "Ownership, Firm Size and Rent Sharing in a Transition Country," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration 03/170, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  40. Carneiro, Anabela & Portugal, Pedro, 2006. "Market Power, Dismissal Threat and Rent Sharing: The Role of Insider and Outsider Forces in Wage Bargaining," IZA Discussion Papers 2102, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  41. Robert Plasman & François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow, 2006. "Industry wage differentials, unobserved ability, and rent-sharing: evidence from matched employer-employee, 1992-2005," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 06-14.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  42. Jože P. Damijan & Luca Marcolin, 2013. "Global firms and wages: is there a rent sharing channel?," Working Papers 164, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist.
  43. Cuñat, Vicente & Guadalupe, Maria, 2006. "Globalization and the Provision of Incentives Inside the Firm," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5950, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  44. Coen N. Teulings & Martin A. van der Ende, 2000. "A Structural Model of Tenure and Specific Investments," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 00-009/3, Tinbergen Institute, revised 30 Nov 2002.
  45. Dobbelaere, Sabien, 2004. "Ownership, firm size and rent sharing in Bulgaria," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 165-189, April.
  46. Miguel Portela & Ana Rute Cardoso, 2005. "The provision of wage insurance by the firm: evidence from a longitudinal matched employer-employee dataset," NIPE Working Papers, NIPE - Universidade do Minho 17/2005, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
  47. Kauppi, Heikki & Koskela, Erkki & Stenbacka, Rune, 2004. "Equilibrium Unemployment and Investment Under Product and Labour Market Imperfections," IZA Discussion Papers 1058, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  48. Damiani, Mirella & Pompei, Fabrizio & Ricci, Andrea, 2013. "Wages and Labour Productivity: the role of Performance-Related Pay in Italian firms," MPRA Paper 52126, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  49. Francis Teal & Måns Söderbom, 2002. "Does firm size really affect earnings?," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2002-08, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  50. Maria Guadalupe, 2007. "Product Market Competition, Returns to Skill, and Wage Inequality," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25, pages 439-474.
  51. Naci H. Mocan & Erdal Tekin, 2009. "Obesity, Self-esteem and Wages," NBER Working Papers 15101, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  52. Diego Comin & Erica L. Groshen & Bess Rabin, 2006. "Turbulent Firms, Turbulent Wages?," NBER Working Papers 12032, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  53. Frank Scharr, 2005. "Tarifbindung, Rententeilung und Konzessionsverträge als Einflussgrößen der Lohnhöhe in Unternehmen : eine Untersuchung mit Mikrodaten für thüringische Firmen," ifo Dresden Studien, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 39, October.
  54. Clark, Andrew E. & Senik, Claudia, 2004. "The (Unexpected) Structure of "Rents" on the French and British Labour Markets," IZA Discussion Papers 1438, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  55. Ricardo J. Caballero & Mohamad L. Hammour, 2001. "The Cost of Recessions Revisited : A Reverse-Liquidationist View," DELTA Working Papers, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure) 2001-05, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  56. Beissinger, Thomas & Buesse, Oliver, 2002. "The Impact of the Unemployment Benefit System on International Spillover Effects," IZA Discussion Papers 656, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  57. Arai, Mahmood & Heyman, Fredrik, 2001. "Wages, Profits and Individual Unemployment Risk : Evidence from Matched Worker-Firm Data," Working Paper Series, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research 172, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  58. Teulings, Coen N., 1997. "A new theory of corporatism and wage setting," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 659-669, April.
  59. Philip Du Caju & François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow, 2011. "Wage structure effects of international trade: Evidence from a small open economy," Working Paper Research, National Bank of Belgium 214, National Bank of Belgium.
  60. Card, David & Devicienti, Francesco & Maida, Agata, 2011. "Rent-Sharing, Hold-up, and Wages: Evidence from Matched Panel Data," IZA Discussion Papers 6086, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  61. Philip Du Caju & François Ryckx & Ilan Tojerow, 2009. "Inter-industry wage differentials : How much does rent sharing matter ?," Working Paper Research, National Bank of Belgium 180, National Bank of Belgium.
  62. Fontagne, Lionel & Daniel Mirza, 2002. "International Trade and Rent Sharing in Developed and Developing countries," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2002, Royal Economic Society 77, Royal Economic Society.
  63. Heikki Kauppi & Erkki Koskela & Rune Stenbacka, 2004. "Equilibrium Unemployment and Capital Intensity Under Product and Labor Market Imperfections," CESifo Working Paper Series 1343, CESifo Group Munich.
  64. Shi Shouyong, 1997. "Search for a Monetary Propagation Mechanism," Working Papers, Queen's University, Department of Economics 966, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  65. Bhaskar, V. & To, Ted, 2003. "Oligopsony and the distribution of wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 371-399, April.
  66. Bingley, Paul & Westergaard-Nielsen, Niels, 2004. "Personnel policy and profit," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 57(5), pages 557-563, May.
  67. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00564903 is not listed on IDEAS
  68. Måns Söderbom & Francis Teal & Anthony Wambugu, 2002. "Does firm size really affect earnings?," CSAE Working Paper Series 2002-08, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  69. Damiani, Mirella & Pompei, Fabrizio & Ricci, Andrea, 2014. "Performance related pay, productivity and wages in Italy: a quantile regression approach," MPRA Paper 53341, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  70. Ours, J.C. van & Nickell, S.J., 2000. "The Netherlands and the United Kingdom: A European unemployment miracle?," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-84119, Tilburg University.
  71. Stephen P Millard, 2000. "The effects of increased labour market flexibility in the United Kingdom: theory and practice," Bank of England working papers 109, Bank of England.
  72. Ellen Brock & Sabien Dobbelaere, 2003. "Has International Trade Affected Workers?Bargaining Power?," LICOS Discussion Papers, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven 13603, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  73. Navon, Guy & Tojerow, Ilan, 2006. "The Effects of Rent-Sharing on the Gender Wage Gap in the Israeli Manufacturing Sector," IZA Discussion Papers 2361, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  74. John DiNardo & David S. Lee, 2002. "The Impact of Unionization on Establishment Closure: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis of Representation Elections," NBER Working Papers 8993, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  75. Sabien Dobbelaere, 2001. "Insider Power and Wage Determination in Bulgaria An Econometric Investigation," LICOS Discussion Papers, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven 11101, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  76. H. Naci Mocan & Deborah Viola, 1997. "The Determinants of Child Care Workers' Wages and Compensation: Sectoral Differences, Human Capital, Race, Insiders and Outsiders," NBER Working Papers 6328, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  77. Spector, David, 2002. "Competiton and the capital-labor conflict," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 0207, CEPREMAP.
  78. Philip Du Caju & François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow, 2008. "Rent-Sharing and the Cyclicality of Wage Differentials," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-035.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  79. Estevão, Marcello & Nargis, Nigar, 2005. "Structural Labor Market Changes in France," IZA Discussion Papers 1621, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  80. Tomasz Mickiewicz & Kate Bishop, 2003. "Wage Determination: Privatised, New Private And State Owned Companies. Empirical Evidence From Panel Data," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 584, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  81. Fuest, Clemens & Thum, Marcel, 2001. "Immigration and skill formation in unionised labour markets," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 557-573, September.
  82. Erica Groshen & David Levine, 1998. "The rise and decline(?) of U.S. internal labor markets," Research Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of New York 9819, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  83. Jeffrey Clemens & Joshua D. Gottlieb, 2013. "Bargaining in the Shadow of a Giant: Medicare's Influence on Private Payment Systems," NBER Working Papers 19503, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  84. Vicente Cuñat & Maria Guadalupe, 2009. "Globalization and the provision of incentives inside the firm: The effect of foreign competition," Economics Working Papers 1134, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  85. Dumont, Michel & Rayp, Glenn & Willemé, Peter, 2012. "The bargaining position of low-skilled and high-skilled workers in a globalising world," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 312-319.
  86. José Miguel Benavente & José Luis Contreras, 2006. "Margen de Utilidad y Distribución de las Rentas: La industria manofacturera chilena durante los noventas," Working Papers, University of Chile, Department of Economics wp219, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  87. repec:dgr:uvatin:2000009 is not listed on IDEAS
  88. Philip Du Caju & François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow, 2012. "Wage structure effects of international trade in a small open economy: The case of Belgium," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/138896, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  89. Heinze, Anja, 2010. "Beyond the mean gender wage gap: Decomposition of differences in wage distributions using quantile regression," ZEW Discussion Papers 10-043, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  90. Jean-Pierre DANTHINE & André KURMANN, 2004. "Efficiency Wages Revisited: The Internal Reference Perspective (new version)," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP), Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP 04.09, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP, revised Jun 2005.
  91. Gérard Ballot & Fathi Fakhfakh & Erol Taymaz, 2002. "Who benefits from training and R&D: The firm or the workers? A study on panels of French and Swedish firms," ERC Working Papers, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University 0201, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Jan 2002.
  92. Arnaud Chéron & François Langot, 2008. "Équilibre général stochastique et dynamique non-walrasienne du marché du travail," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 183(2), pages 93-113.
  93. De la Rica Goiricelaya, Sara & González de San Román Rosado, Ainara, 2007. "The Impact of Firm Level Contracting on Wage Levels and Inequality: Spain 1995-2002," DFAEII Working Papers 2007-07, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
  94. Pedro S. Martins, 2014. "30,000 minimum wages: The economic effects of collective agreement extensions," Working Papers 51, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Business and Management, Centre for Globalisation Research.
  95. Alexey Levkov, 2010. "Branching of banks and union decline," Risk and Policy Analysis Unit Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston QAU10-7, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
  96. Maarten Goos & Jozef Konings, 2001. "Does Rent-Sharing Exist in Belgium ?. An Empirical Analysis Using Firm Level Data," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 65-79.
  97. Jean Farès, 2002. "Does Micro Evidence Support the Wage Phillips Curve in Canada?," Working Papers, Bank of Canada 02-4, Bank of Canada.
  98. Fuess, Jr., Scott M., 2001. "Union Bargaining Power: A View from Japan," IZA Discussion Papers 393, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  99. Axel Dreher & Noel Gaston, 2007. "Has Globalisation Really had no Effect on Unions?," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(2), pages 165-186, 05.
  100. repec:fth:prinin:410 is not listed on IDEAS
  101. Mahmood Arai, 2003. "Wages, Profits, and Capital Intensity: Evidence from Matched Worker-Firm Data," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(3), pages 593-618, July.
  102. Cohen, Lee & Cornette, Marcia Millon & Mehran, Hamid & Tehranian, Hassan, 2014. "The effect of state pension cut legislation on bank values," Staff Reports, Federal Reserve Bank of New York 679, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  103. Delacroix, Alain, 2006. "A multisectorial matching model of unions," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 573-596, April.
  104. Gürtzgen, Nicole, 2005. "Rent-Sharing and Collective Bargaining Coverage: Evidence from Linked Employer-Employee Data," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-90, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  105. François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow & Robert Plasman, 2004. "Rent sharing and the gender wage gap in Belgium," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/785, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  106. Böckerman, Petri & Riihimäki, Elisa, 2009. "International outsourcing and labour demand: Evidence from Finnish firm-level data," MPRA Paper 16903, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  107. Scott Stern, 1999. "Do Scientists Pay to Be Scientists?," NBER Working Papers 7410, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  108. Nekby, Lena, 2002. "Gender Differences in Rent Sharing and its Implications for the Gender Wage Gap," Working Paper Series, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research 182, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  109. repec:fth:prinin:416 is not listed on IDEAS
  110. Azam, Jean-Paul & Ris, Catherine, 2001. "Rent-sharing, hold-up, and manufacturing wages in Cote d'Ivoire," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2600, The World Bank.
  111. Dale T. Mortensen, 1994. "Reducing supply-side disincentives to job creation," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Jan, pages 189-237.
  112. Matthew J. Slaughter, 1997. "International Trade and Labor-Demand Elasticities," NBER Working Papers 6262, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.