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Citations for "Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development"

by Richard C. Levin & Alvin K. Klevorick & Richard R. Nelson & Sidney G. Winter

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  1. Antonelli, Cristiano & Krafft, Jackie & Quatraro, Francesco, 2010. "Recombinant knowledge and growth: The case of ICTs," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 50-69, March.
  2. William Griffiths & Elizabeth Webster, 2004. "The determinants of research and development and intellectual property usage among Australian Companies, 1989 to 2002," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies 2004-15, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
  3. Tang, Jianmin, 2006. "Competition and innovation behaviour," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 68-82, February.
  4. Donald Wright, . "Optimal Patent Breadth and Length with Costly Imitation," Discussion Papers, Department of Economics, University of York 95/7, Department of Economics, University of York.
  5. Joerg Thomae & Volker Zimmermann, 2013. "Knowledge Protection Practices in Innovating SMEs," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 233(5-6), pages 691-717, October.
  6. Tufano, Peter, 1989. "Financial innovation and first-mover advantages," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 213-240, December.
  7. Scherer, Frederic M. & Harhoff, Dietmar & Vopel, Katrin, 1997. "Exploring the Tail of Patented Invention Value Distributions," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 97-30, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. David Popp, 2004. "R&D Subsidies and Climate Policy: Is There a "Free Lunch"?," NBER Working Papers 10880, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. David Popp, 2008. "International Technology Transfer for Climate Policy," Center for Policy Research Policy Briefs, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University 39, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
  10. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2003. "The Governance of Technological Knowledge: Strategies, Processes and Public Policies," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 200306, University of Turin.
  11. Hall, Bronwyn H. & Jaffe, Adam & Trajtenberg, Manuel, 2001. "Market Value and Patent Citations: A First Look," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley qt8vh1c20f, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  12. Michael Stolpe, 2001. "Mobility of Research Workers and Knowledge Diffusion as Evidenced in Patent Data The Case of Liquid Crystal Display Technoloy," Kiel Working Papers, Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1038, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  13. Harhoff, Dietmar, 2009. "The role of patents and licenses in securing external finance for innovation," EIB Papers, European Investment Bank, Economics Department 11/2009, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  14. David B. Audretsch & Werner Bönte & Prashanth Mahagaonkar, 2007. "Nascent Entrepreneurs, Innovation and Financing Constraints," DRUID Working Papers, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies 07-09, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  15. Pardey, Philip G. & Koo, Bonwoo & Nottenburg, Carol, 2004. "Creating, Protecting, And Using Crop Biotechnologies Worldwide In An Era Of Intellectual Property," Staff Papers, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics 13600, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
  16. Sunil Kanwar, 2008. "Intellectual Property Protection And Technology Transfer Evidence From Us Multinationals," Working papers, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics 166, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
  17. Shih-Tse Lo, 2004. "Strenghtening Intellectual Property rights: Experience from the 1986 Taiwanese Patent Reforms," Working Papers, Concordia University, Department of Economics 04004, Concordia University, Department of Economics.
  18. Danguy, Jérôme & de Rassenfosse, Gaétan & van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno, 2010. "The R&D-patent relationship: An industry perspective," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8145, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  19. Harabi, N., 1995. "Channels of R & D Spillovers: An Empirical Investigation," Papers, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut 37, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut.
  20. Schmiele, Anja & Sofka, Wolfgang, 2007. "Internationalizing R&D Co-opetition: Dress for the Dance with the Devil," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 07-045, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  21. Kaiser, Ulrich, 2002. "An empirical test of models explaining research expenditures and research cooperation: evidence for the German service sector," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 747-774, June.
  22. Richard Jensen & Marie Thursby, 1998. "Proofs and Prototypes for Sale: The Tale of University Licensing," NBER Working Papers 6698, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  23. Cristiano Antonelli, 2003. "Knowledge Complementarity and Fungeability: Implications for Regional Strategy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6-7), pages 595-606.
  24. Koellinger, Ph.D., 2008. "The Relationship between Technology, Innovation, and Firm Performance: Empirical Evidence on E-Business in Europe," ERIM Report Series Research in Management, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasm ERS-2008-031-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
  25. Michele Boldrin & David K Levine, 2002. "Perfectly Competitive Innovation," Levine's Working Paper Archive 625018000000000192, David K. Levine.
  26. Julia Porter Liebeskind & Amalya Lumerman Oliver & Lynne G. Zucker & Marilynn B. Brewer, 1995. "Social Networks, Learning, and Flexibility: Sourcing Scientific Knowledge in New Biotechnology Firms," NBER Working Papers 5320, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  27. Singh, Satwinder & Utton, Michael & Waterson, Michael, 1998. "Strategic behaviour of incumbent firms in the UK," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 229-251, March.
  28. Narula,Rajneesh & Sadowski,Bert M., 1998. "Technological catch-up and strategic technology partnering in developing countries," Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) 001, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  29. Harabi, Najib, 1994. "Sources of Technological Progress: An Empirical Investigation," MPRA Paper 26265, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  30. Zhang, Tianle, 2009. "Patenting in the Shadow of Independent Discoveries by Rivals," MPRA Paper 32917, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.
  31. Czarnitzki, Dirk, 2003. "Extent and Evolution of the Productivity Gap in Eastern Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 03-25, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  32. Fischer, Timo & Henkel, Joachim, 2012. "Patent trolls on markets for technology – An empirical analysis of NPEs’ patent acquisitions," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(9), pages 1519-1533.
  33. David, Paul A. & Hall, Bronwyn H. & Toole, Andrew A., 1999. "Is Public R&D a Complement or Substitute for Private R&D? A Review of the Econometric Evidence," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley qt1sz6g8bv, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  34. Czarnitzki, Dirk, 2009. "The virtue of industry-science collaborations," EIB Papers, European Investment Bank, Economics Department 5/2009, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  35. Haeussler, Carolin & Harhoff, Dietmar & Mueller, Elisabeth, 2009. "To Be Financed or Not… - The Role of Patents for Venture Capital Financing," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 7115, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  36. Nerkar, Atul & Shane, Scott, 2003. "When do start-ups that exploit patented academic knowledge survive?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(9), pages 1391-1410, November.
  37. Bronwyn H. Hall & Rose Marie Ham, 2000. "The Patent Paradox Revisited: Determinants of Patenting in the US Semiconductor Industry, 1980-94," Development and Comp Systems, EconWPA 9912001, EconWPA.
  38. Daniel J. Wilson, 2002. "Is Embodied Technology the Result of Upstream R&D? Industry-Level Evidence," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 5(2), pages 285-317, April.
  39. Gould, David M. & Gruben, William C., 1996. "The role of intellectual property rights in economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 323-350, March.
  40. David Popp, 2003. "Lessons from Patents: Using Patents To Measure Technological Change in Environmental Models," NBER Working Papers 9978, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  41. Adam B. Jaffe, 1999. "The U.S. Patent System in Transition: Policy Innovation and the Innovation Process," NBER Working Papers 7280, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  42. Döring, Thomas & Schnellenbach, Jan, 2004. "What Do We Know About Geographical Knowledge Spillovers and Regional Growth? A Survey of the Literature," Research Notes, Deutsche Bank Research 14, Deutsche Bank Research.
  43. von Hippel, Eric, 2003. "Open Source Projects as Horizontal Innovation Networks - By and for users," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management 4366-02, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
  44. Rajneesh Narula & Grazia D. Santangelo, 2007. "Location and R&D alliances in the European ICT industry," Centre for International Business Strategy Working Papers, Henley Business School, Reading University cibs-wp2007-01, Henley Business School, Reading University.
  45. Cantwell, John A. & Dunning, John H. & Janne, Odile E. M., 2004. "Towards a technology-seeking explanation of U.S. direct investment in the United Kingdom," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 5-20.
  46. Harabi, Najib, 1995. "Determinanten des technischen Fortschritts: eine industrieökonomische Analyse
    [Determinants of technical change: an analysis from industrial economics perspective]
    ," MPRA Paper 26261, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  47. Kafouros, Mario I. & Buckley, Peter J. & Clegg, Jeremy, 2012. "The effects of global knowledge reservoirs on the productivity of multinational enterprises: The role of international depth and breadth," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(5), pages 848-861.
  48. Heisey, Paul W. & Day-Rubenstein, Kelly A. & King, John L., 2006. "Government Patenting And Technology Transfer," Economic Research Report, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service 33597, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  49. Raymond, Wladimir & Mohnen, Pierre & Palm, Franz & Schim van der Loeff, Sybrand, 2009. "Innovative Sales, R&D and Total Innovation Expenditures:Panel Evidence on their Dynamics," MERIT Working Papers, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) 029, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  50. Deng, Yi, 2008. "The value of knowledge spillovers in the U.S. semiconductor industry," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 1044-1058, July.
  51. James Bessen & Eric Maskin, 2009. "Sequential innovation, patents, and imitation," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, RAND Corporation, vol. 40(4), pages 611-635.
  52. Henry R. Hertzfeld & Albert N. Link & Nicholas S. Vonortas, 2004. "Intellectual Property Protection Mechanisms in Research Partnerships," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group 2004-43, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  53. Harabi, N., 1993. "Appropriabiblity of Technical Innovations: An Empirical Analysis," Papers, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut 31a, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut.
  54. Richard G. Newell & Adam B. Jaffe & Robert N. Stavins, 1999. "The Induced Innovation Hypothesis And Energy-Saving Technological Change," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(3), pages 941-975, August.
  55. Martin Wrobel, 2009. "Das Konzept regionaler Cluster: zwischen Schein und Sein?," Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 85-103, February.
  56. Nelson, Andrew J., 2009. "Measuring knowledge spillovers: What patents, licenses and publications reveal about innovation diffusion," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 994-1005, July.
  57. Weinhold, Diana & Nair-Reichert, Usha, 2009. "Innovation, Inequality and Intellectual Property Rights," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 889-901, May.
  58. Mary Lovely & David Popp, 2008. "Trade, Technology, and the Environment: Why Have Poor Countries Regulated Sooner?," NBER Working Papers 14286, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  59. Julien PENIN, 2005. "Open knowledge disclosure, incomplete information and collective innovations," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2005-10, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  60. Gamal Atallah, 2000. "Vertical R&D Spillovers, Cooperation, Market Structure, and Innovation," CIRANO Working Papers, CIRANO 2000s-54, CIRANO.
  61. Kim, Jeong Eon & Lapan, Harvey E., 2004. "Welfare Effects of Intellectual Property Rights Under Asymmetric Spillovers," Staff General Research Papers, Iowa State University, Department of Economics 12206, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  62. Colombo, Massimo G. & Delmastro, Marco, 1999. "Some stylized facts on organization and its evolution," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 255-274, November.
  63. Wolfgang Becker & Juergen Peters, 2005. "Innovation Effects of Science-Related Technological Opportunities, Theoretical considerations and Empirical Findings for Firms in the German Manufacturing Industry," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 225(2), pages 130-150, March.
  64. Michele Cincera, 2005. "Firms' productivity growth and R&D spillovers: an analysis of alternative technological proximity measures," ULB Institutional Repository, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 2013/5490, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  65. Ang, James B., 2010. "Financial Reforms, Patent Protection, and Knowledge Accumulation in India," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 1070-1081, August.
  66. Samuel Kortum & Josh Lerner, 1998. "Does Venture Capital Spur Innovation?," NBER Working Papers 6846, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  67. Thomä, Jörg & Bizer, Kilian, 2013. "To protect or not to protect? Modes of appropriability in the small enterprise sector," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 35-49.
  68. Petr Hanel, 2007. "Skills required for innovation: A review of the literature," Cahiers de recherche, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke 07-23, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  69. Stuart J. H. Graham & Bronwyn H. Hall & Dietmar Harhoff & David C. Mowery, 2003. "Post-Issue Patent "Quality Control": A Comparative Study of US Patent Re-examinations and European Patent Oppositions," Industrial Organization, EconWPA 0303009, EconWPA.
  70. Lee Davis & Maria Larsen & Peter Lotz, 2011. "Scientists’ perspectives concerning the effects of university patenting on the conduct of academic research in the life sciences," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 14-37, February.
  71. Mowery, David C. & Nelson, Richard R. & Sampat, Bhaven N. & Ziedonis, Arvids A., 2001. "The growth of patenting and licensing by U.S. universities: an assessment of the effects of the Bayh-Dole act of 1980," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 99-119, January.
  72. Poul Houman Andersen & Ina Drejer, 2006. "Systemic Innovation in a Distributed Network Paradox or Pinnacle?," DRUID Working Papers, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies 06-13, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  73. Neslihan Aydogan & Thomas P. Lyon, 2004. "Spatial Proximity and Complementarities in the Trading of Tacit Knowledge," Microeconomics, EconWPA 0404004, EconWPA.
  74. Fontana, Roberto & Nuvolari, Alessandro & Shimizu, Hiroshi & Vezzulli, Andrea, 2013. "Reassessing patent propensity: Evidence from a dataset of R&D awards, 1977–2004," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(10), pages 1780-1792.
  75. Srinivasan, Chittur S., 2012. "Modelling Economic Returns to Plant Variety Protection in the UK," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), issue 2, August.
  76. Darren Filson, . "Product and Process Innovations in the Life Cycle of an Industry," Claremont Colleges Working Papers, Claremont Colleges 2000-30, Claremont Colleges.
  77. Harabi, Najib, 1991. "Einflussfaktoren von Forschung und Entwicklung in der Schweizer Industrie: Ergebnisse einer schriftlichen Expertenbefragung
    [Factors Affecting Research and Development - Results of a Survey in Swis
    ," MPRA Paper 5257, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  78. Tommy Clausen, 2008. "Do subsidies have positive impacts on R&D and innovation activities at the firm level?," Working Papers on Innovation Studies, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo 20070615, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  79. Schroth, Enrique & Szalay, Dezsö, 2008. "Cash Breeds Success : The Role of Financing Constraints in Patent Races," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS), University of Warwick, Department of Economics 873, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  80. Henkel, Joachim, 2006. "Selective revealing in open innovation processes: The case of embedded Linux," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 953-969, September.
  81. Anja, Breitwieser & Neil, Foster, 2012. "Intellectual property rights, innovation and technology transfer: a survey," MPRA Paper 36094, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  82. Arijit Mukherjee, 2002. "R&D, Licensing and Patent Protection," Industrial Organization, EconWPA 0211011, EconWPA.
  83. van Ark, Bart & Hao, Janet X. & Corrado, Carol & Hulten, Charles, 2009. "Measuring intangible capital and its contribution to economic growth in Europe," EIB Papers, European Investment Bank, Economics Department 3/2009, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  84. Kaiser, Ulrich, 2002. "Measuring knowledge spillovers in manufacturing and services: an empirical assessment of alternative approaches," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 125-144, January.
  85. Erkal, Nisvan, 2005. "The decision to patent, cumulative innovation, and optimal policy," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(7-8), pages 535-562, September.
  86. Herschel I. Grossman, 2000. "Inventors and Pirates: Creative Activity and Intellectual Property Rights," NBER Working Papers 7898, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  87. Fabio Montobbio & Valerio Sterzi, 2011. "Inventing together: exploring the nature of international knowledge spillovers in Latin America," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 21(1), pages 53-89, February.
  88. Wagner, Stefan, 2006. "Make-or-Buy Decisions in Patent Related Services," Discussion Papers in Business Administration, University of Munich, Munich School of Management 1264, University of Munich, Munich School of Management.
  89. David B. Audretsch & Prashanth Mahagaonkar & Werner Bönte, 2009. "Financial Signaling by Innovative Nascent Entrepreneurs," Schumpeter Discussion Papers, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library sdp09001, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.
  90. Arqué-Castells, Pere, 2012. "How venture capitalists spur invention in Spain: Evidence from patent trajectories," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(5), pages 897-912.
  91. Ren� Belderbos & Leo Sleuwaegen & Reinhilde Veugelers, 2010. "Market Integration and Technological Leadership in Europe," European Economy - Economic Papers, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission 403, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  92. Nerlinger, Eric A. & Berger, Georg, 1995. "Technologieorientierte Industrien und Unternehmen: Alternative Definitionen," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 95-20, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  93. Duke, Richard & Williams, Robert & Payne, Adam, 2005. "Accelerating residential PV expansion: demand analysis for competitive electricity markets," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(15), pages 1912-1929, October.
  94. McCalman, Phillip, 2001. "Reaping what you sow: an empirical analysis of international patent harmonization," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 161-186, October.
  95. Mc Morrow, Kieran & Röger, Werner, 2009. "R&D capital and economic growth: The empirical evidence," EIB Papers, European Investment Bank, Economics Department 4/2009, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  96. Harabi, Najib, 1991. "Innovation versus Imitation: Empirical Evidence from Swiss Firms," MPRA Paper 26214, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  97. Mari­n, Pedro L. & Siotis, Georges, 2008. "Public policies towards Research Joint Venture: Institutional design and participants' characteristics," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(6-7), pages 1057-1065, July.
  98. Wang, Heli & Chen, Wei-Ru, 2010. "Is firm-specific innovation associated with greater value appropriation? The roles of environmental dynamism and technological diversity," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 141-154, February.
  99. Tomas J. Philipson & Anupam B. Jena, 2005. "Who Benefits from New Medical Technologies? Estimates of Consumer and Producer Surpluses for HIV/AIDS Drugs," NBER Working Papers 11810, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  100. Stefano Breschi, 2000. "The Geography of Innovation: A Cross-sector Analysis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 213-229.
  101. van Dijk, Theon & Duysters, Geert, 1998. "Passing the European Patent Office: evidence from the data-processing industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(9), pages 937-946, December.
  102. Blandine LAPERCHE, 2009. "L’usage de la propriete intellectuelle dans les entreprises artisanales innovantes en France (The use of intellectual property rights in french craft enterprises)," Working Papers, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation 221, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  103. David Mowery, 2011. "Nanotechnology and the US national innovation system: continuity and change," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 36(6), pages 697-711, December.
  104. Perkmann, Markus & King, Zella & Pavelin, Stephen, 2011. "Engaging excellence? Effects of faculty quality on university engagement with industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 539-552, May.
  105. Luukkonen, Terttu, 2005. "Variability in organisational forms of biotechnology firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 555-570, May.
  106. Henri Capron & Michele Cincera, 1999. "Strengths and weaknesses of the Flemish innovation system: an external viewpoint," ULB Institutional Repository, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 2013/2815, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  107. Poh Kam Wong & Lena Lee & Maw Der Foo, 2008. "Occupational Choice: The Influence of Product vs. Process Innovation," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 267-281, March.
  108. Daron Acemoglu & Gino Gancia & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2010. "Competing engines of growth: innovation and standardization," IEW - Working Papers, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich 483, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  109. Sternitzke, Christian, 2010. "Knowledge sources, patent protection, and commercialization of pharmaceutical innovations," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 810-821, July.
  110. Hirukawa, Masayuki & Ueda, Masako, 2008. "Venture Capital and Industrial ''Innovation''," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 7089, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  111. Siping Luo & Mary E. Lovely & David Popp, 2013. "Intellectual Returnees as Drivers of Indigenous Innovation: Evidence from the Chinese Photovoltaic Industry," NBER Working Papers 19518, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  112. Arundel, Anthony, 2001. "The relative effectiveness of patents and secrecy for appropriation," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 611-624, April.
  113. Bresnahan, T.F. & Stern, S. & Trajtenberg, M., 1996. "Market Segmentation and the Sources of Rents From Innovation: Personal Computers in the Late 1980s," Papers, Tel Aviv 25-96, Tel Aviv.
  114. Tan, Danchi & Mahoney, Joseph T., 2003. "Examining the Penrose Effect in an International Business Context: The Dynamics of Japanese Firm Growth in U.S. Industries," Working Papers, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Business 03-0113, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Business.
  115. Bruno Cassiman, 1998. "The organization of research corporations and researcher ability," Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra 327, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  116. Ejermo, Olof & Kander, Astrid & Svensson Henning, Martin, 2011. "The R&D-growth paradox arises in fast-growing sectors," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 664-672, June.
  117. Cefis, Elena & Marsili, Orietta, 2012. "Going, going, gone. Exit forms and the innovative capabilities of firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(5), pages 795-807.
  118. Basu, Sandip & Phelps, Corey & Kotha, Suresh, 2011. "Towards understanding who makes corporate venture capital investments and why," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 153-171, March.
  119. Jérôme Danguy & Gaétan de Rassenfosse & Bruno Van Pottelsberghe, 2013. "On the Origins of the Worldwide Surge in Patenting: An Industry Perspective on the R&D-patent Relationship," Working Papers ECARES, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 2013/143016, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  120. Philipp Köllinger, 2005. "Why IT Matters: An Empirical Study of E-Business Usage, Innovation, and Firm Performance," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 495, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  121. Lo, Shih-tse, 2011. "Strengthening intellectual property rights: Experience from the 1986 Taiwanese patent reforms," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 524-536, September.
  122. Jean Olson Lanjouw, 1994. "Economic Consequences of a Changing Litigation Environment: The Case of Patents," NBER Working Papers 4835, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  123. Kyläheiko, Kalevi & Jantunen, Ari & Puumalainen, Kaisu & Saarenketo, Sami & Tuppura, Anni, 2011. "Innovation and internationalization as growth strategies: The role of technological capabilities and appropriability," International Business Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 508-520, October.
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