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Homo Oeconomicus Versus Homo Reciprocans: Ansätze für ein Neues Wirtschaftspolitisches Leitbild?

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  • Armin Falk

Abstract

Politik und öffentliches Bewusstsein werden zunehmend durch ökonomische Theorien und Handlungsvorschläge mitbestimmt. Kaum ein anderes erkenntnis- und handlungsleitendes Modell hat daher einen vergleichbaren Einfluss wie das Konzept des Homo Oeconomicus. Durch die Entwicklung experimenteller Methoden ist es möglich, die Annahmen dieses Konzepts unter kontrollierten Laborbedingungen mit dem tatsächlichen Handeln von Individuen zu vergleichen. In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden zunächst verschiedene Experimentalstudien diskutiert, die eindeutig belegen, daß der Homo Oeconomicus weitaus weniger universell ist, als gemeinhin angenommen. Die Mehrheit der Experimentalteilnehmer verhält sich reziprok, d.h. sie belohnt faires Verhalten und bestraft unfaires Verhalten, selbst wenn dies mit Kosten verbunden ist. Der Nachweis reziproken Verhaltens hat weitreichende Konsequenzen für die ökonomische Politikberatung

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Paper provided by Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich in its series IEW - Working Papers with number 079.

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Handle: RePEc:zur:iewwpx:079

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Keywords: Fairness; Reziprozität; Wirtschaftspolitik; Steuermoral; öffentliche Güter; Kriminalität; Sozialpolitik;

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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Anmerkungen zur Wachstumsdebatte: Jenseits des Green New Deal
    by Silke Helfrich in CommonsBlog on 2010-06-28 21:24:11
  2. Homo oeconomicus ist out! Homo reciprocans ist in!
    by Silke Helfrich in CommonsBlog on 2009-11-30 20:38:19
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Cited by:
  1. Reinhold Hofer, . "Wettbewerbsbehörden - institutionelle Bedingung von Wettbewerbsmärkten," Working Papers geewp32, Vienna University of Economics Research Group: Growth and Employment in Europe: Sustainability and Competitiveness.
  2. Marc Piazolo, 2007. "Gerechtigkeit siegt über Eigennutz Ein Ultimatum Bargaining Game anhand von WM-Tickets," Proceedings-5th International Conference on Management, Enterprise and Benchmarking (MEB 2007), Óbuda University, Keleti Faculty of Business and Management.

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  1. Liste der Homo-Epitheta in Wikipedia (German)

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