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Employment and Wage Effects of Social Security Financing: An Empirical Analysis of the West German Experience and some Policy Simulations

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  • Steiner, Viktor
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    Abstract

    This paper follows up recent work on the relationship between (un?)employment and wage effects of social security financing undertaken by the OECD Jobs Study. Based on a simple macroeconometric model of the labour market, I investigate whether the peculiar OECD results for Germany on the incidence of social security contributions and taxes also hold up within a somewhat different model. The study also provides some policy simulations to answer the topical question whether increasing indirect taxes to finance a reduction of the contribution rates to social security levied on employees and employers in Germany. The main result of the paper is that there is in fact a positive short?run employment effect of a revenue neutral switch of financing social security expenditures by increasing indirect taxes and reducing employers' contribution rates, but in the longer?term only modest effects remain due to higher wages. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 96-14.

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    Date of creation: 1996
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:7130

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    Cited by:
    1. Bauer, Thomas K. & Riphahn, Regina T., 1998. "Employment Effects of Payroll Taxes - An Empirical Test for Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 11, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Volker Meinhardt & Rudolf Zwiener, 2005. "Gesamtwirtschaftliche Wirkungen einer Steuerfinanzierung versicherungsfremder Leistungen in der Sozialversicherung: Endbericht ; Forschungsprojekt im Auftrag des DGB Bundesvorstandes, der Hans-Böckle," DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, volume 7, number pbk7, July.

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