Employment and Wage Effects of Social Security Financing: An Empirical Analysis of the West German Experience and some Policy Simulations
AbstractThis paper follows up recent work on the relationship between (un?)employment and wage effects of social security financing undertaken by the OECD Jobs Study. Based on a simple macroeconometric model of the labour market, I investigate whether the peculiar OECD results for Germany on the incidence of social security contributions and taxes also hold up within a somewhat different model. The study also provides some policy simulations to answer the topical question whether increasing indirect taxes to finance a reduction of the contribution rates to social security levied on employees and employers in Germany. The main result of the paper is that there is in fact a positive short?run employment effect of a revenue neutral switch of financing social security expenditures by increasing indirect taxes and reducing employers' contribution rates, but in the longer?term only modest effects remain due to higher wages. --
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 96-14.
Date of creation: 1996
Date of revision:
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
- J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
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- Bauer, Thomas K. & Riphahn, Regina T., 1998.
"Employment Effects of Payroll Taxes - An Empirical Test for Germany,"
IZA Discussion Papers
11, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Thomas Bauer & Regina Riphahn, 2002. "Employment effects of payroll taxes - an empirical test for Germany," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(7), pages 865-876.
- Volker Meinhardt & Rudolf Zwiener, 2005. "Gesamtwirtschaftliche Wirkungen einer Steuerfinanzierung versicherungsfremder Leistungen in der Sozialversicherung: Endbericht ; Forschungsprojekt im Auftrag des DGB Bundesvorstandes, der Hans-Böckle," DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, volume 7, number pbk7, July.
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