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Formelle und informelle berufliche Weiterbildung und Verdienst bei Arbeitnehmern und Selbständigen

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  • Pfeiffer, Friedhelm
  • Reize, Frank

Abstract

Investitionen in Weiterbildung werden typischerweise durch die erwartete Zunahme individueller Fähigkeiten motiviert. In dieser Arbeit wird untersucht, von welchen sozio-ökonomischen und beruflichen Merkmalen die Teilnahme an formeller und informeller beruflicher Weiterbildung abhängt, und welche Auswirkungen diese auf den individuellen Arbeitsverdienst in einer Stichprobe von Erwerbstätigen mit einer beruflichen Lehre haben. Die Untersuchung vergleicht die Bestimmungsgründe und Wirkungen zwischen abhängigen und selbständig Erwerbstätigen. Selbständige, so die Hypothese, tragen die Kosten der Weiterbildung selbst. Deren Weiterbildungsaktivitäten haben daher investiven Charakter, d.h. sie dienen vorwiegend der Verbesserung des Humankapitals. Bei abhängig Beschäftigten kommen weitere Motive hinzu, die sich aus der Arbeitgeber-Arbeitnehmer-Beziehung ergeben. -- The paper investigates determinants of formal and non-formal continuous vocational training and its income effects among German selfemployed and employed workers in 1991/92. Participation in continuous formal training is more frequently observed with employed workers, whereas self-employed are engaged more often in non-formal types of training. Estimated effects on income are rather small or equal to zero with the self-employed and rather high among employed workers, both in the group of trainees and non-trainees. Non-formal training has a non-zero effect on income as well. The determinants of income differ significantly between both groups, whether workers participate in training or not. The study concludes that the income differentials for employed workers indicate selection for promotion. Participation in training seems to be a consequence of such selection processes and not its cause.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 00-01.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5277

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References

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  1. Groot, Wim, 1995. "The Wage Effects of Investments in Enterprise-Related Training," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 133-47.
  2. Pischke, Jörn-Steffen, 2000. "Continuous Training In Germany," CEPR Discussion Papers 2428, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Oosterbeek, Hessel, 1998. "Unravelling Supply and Demand Factors in Work-Related Training," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(2), pages 266-83, April.
  4. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Brade, Joachim, 1995. "Weiterbildung, Arbeitszeit und Lohneinkommen," ZEW Discussion Papers 95-14, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Prendergast, Canice, 1993. "The Role of Promotion in Inducing Specific Human Capital Acquisition," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(2), pages 523-34, May.
  6. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  7. Blechinger, Doris & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 1996. "Technological change and skill obsolescence: the case of German apprenticeship training," ZEW Discussion Papers 96-15, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. Kihlstrom, Richard E & Laffont, Jean-Jacques, 1979. "A General Equilibrium Entrepreneurial Theory of Firm Formation Based on Risk Aversion," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(4), pages 719-48, August.
  9. Greene, William H, 1981. "On the Asymptotic Bias of the Ordinary Least Squares Estimator of the Tobit Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(2), pages 505-13, March.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Pischke, Jörn-Steffen, 2000. "Continuous Training In Germany," CEPR Discussion Papers 2428, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Michael Gerfin & Robert E. Leu & Reto Nyffeler, 2003. "Berufliche Weiterbildung in der Schweiz," Diskussionsschriften dp0318, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
  3. Alfred Garloff & Anja Kuckulenz, 2006. "Training, Mobility, and Wages: Specific Versus General Human Capital," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 226(1), pages 55-81, January.
  4. Kuckulenz, Anja, 2006. "Continuing Vocational Training in Germany: A Comparative Study Using 3 German Data Set," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-24, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:38:i:2/3:p:325-340 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2005. "Existenzgründungen: Ein Weg zur Beschäftigungsförderung? (Firm foundation * a way to enhance employment?)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 38(2/3), pages 325-340.
  7. Anja Kuckulenz & Michael Maier, 2006. "Heterogeneous Returns to Training, An Analysis with German Data Using Local Instrumental Variables," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 226(1), pages 24-40, January.
  8. Ludwig, Volker & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2005. "Abschreibungsraten allgemeiner und beruflicher Ausbildungsinhalte," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-36, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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