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Der Einfluß der Grenznähe auf die Standortwahl von Unternehmen: Eine theoretische Analyse und empirische Befunde für Ostdeutschland

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  • Engel, Dirk

Abstract

Die EU-Osterweiterung ermöglicht eine stärkere Arbeitsteilung zwischen den relativ kapitalreichen Staaten der EU und den relativ arbeitsreichen Zutrittsländern Mittel- und Osteuropas, von der insbesondere die ostdeutschen Kreise in Nähe der Grenze profitieren können. Diese Studie widmet sich der Fragestellung, ob sich diese positiven Effekte in einer Verbesserung der Standortsituation grenznaher Kreise gemessen an der Veränderung des Gründungsverhaltens widerspiegeln. -- This paper analyses the effects of the creation or removal of borders on firms? profits and their optimal location in an autarkic region. A firm chooses a position close to a border if a crucial degree of openness is achieved. Furthermore, the positive effect of removal of borders decreases in greater distance from the border. The results of econometric analysis partially confirm the hypothesis of increasing firm foundations close to the border. The growth rates of trade-firm foundations and start-ups in business related services in East German districts near to the Polish border are higher than in regions further away from the border.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 99-18.

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Date of creation: 1999
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5235

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Keywords: border economics; regional development; firm foundations;

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References

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  1. Gordon H. Hanson, 1995. "The Effects of Offshore Assembly on Industry Location: Evidence from U.S. Border Cities," NBER Working Papers 5400, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Gordon H. Hanson, 1994. "Localization Economies, Vertical Organization and Trade," NBER Working Papers 4744, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Hanson, Gordon H., 1996. "Economic integration, intraindustry trade, and frontier regions," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 941-949, April.
  4. McCallum, John, 1995. "National Borders Matter: Canada-U.S. Regional Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 615-23, June.
  5. Sander, Birgit, 1997. "Do border economies generate comparative advantages for small- and medium-sized enterprises? Evidence from the Maquiladora industry," Kiel Working Papers 806, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Sander, Birgit & Schmidt, Klaus-Dieter, 1998. "Wirtschaftliche Perspektiven von Grenzregionen : ein internationaler Vergleich," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1785, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  7. Gordon H. Hanson, 1996. "U.S.-Mexico Integration and Regional Economies: Evidence from Border- City Pairs," NBER Working Papers 5425, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Krieger-Boden, Christiane, 1995. "Die räumliche Dimension in der Wirtschaftstheorie: Ältere und neuere Erklärungsansätze," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 832, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  9. John F. Helliwell, 1997. "National Borders, Trade and Migration," NBER Working Papers 6027, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Almus, Matthias & Egeln, Jürgen & Engel, Dirk, 1999. "Determinanten regionaler Unterschiede in der Gründungshäufigkeit wissensintensiver Dienstleister," ZEW Discussion Papers 99-22, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Niebuhr, Annekatrin & Stiller, Silvia, 2002. "Integration effects in border regions - a survey of economic theory and empirical studies," ERSA conference papers ersa02p066, European Regional Science Association.

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