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Is there a Difference? The Performance Characteristics of SRI Equity Indexes

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  • Schröder, Michael

Abstract

Investments in socially responsible investments (SRI) are still a small, but growing segment of international capital markets. This study analyses whether a SRI screening process applied to equities results in a different performance outcome compared to relevant conventional benchmark indexes. In contrast to other studies, the analysis concentrates on SRI indexes and not on investment funds. This has several advantages, which include that the transaction costs of funds, the timing activities and the skill of the fund management do not have to be considered. This leads to a relatively direct measure of the performance effects of SRI screens. The 29 SRI stock indexes are analysed by single-factor models with benchmarks that closely approximate the investment universe of the SRI stock indexes and by multi-equation systems that also exploit the information in the cross-section. The results show that SRI stock indexes do not exhibit a different risk-adjusted return than conventional benchmarks. But many SRI indexes have a higher risk relative to the benchmarks. These findings are robust to the use of different sets of benchmark indexes and apply to all common types of SRI screening. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 05-50.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:4276

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Keywords: Socially responsible investing; equity indexes; performance; risk;

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  1. Newey, Whitney & West, Kenneth, 2014. "A simple, positive semi-definite, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation consistent covariance matrix," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 33(1), pages 125-132.
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Cited by:
  1. Alex Edmans & Lucius Li & Chendi Zhang, 2014. "Employee Satisfaction, Labor Market Flexibility, and Stock Returns Around The World," NBER Working Papers 20300, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Edmans, Alex, 2011. "Does the stock market fully value intangibles? Employee satisfaction and equity prices," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 101(3), pages 621-640, September.
  3. Ulrich Oberndorfer & Marcus Wagner & Andreas Ziegler, 2011. "Does the Stock Market Value the Inclusion in a Sustainability Stock Index? An Event Study Analysis for German Firms," MAGKS Papers on Economics, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung) 201130, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  4. Abdelbari El Khamlichi & Mohamed Arouri & Frédéric Teulon, 2014. "Persistence of Performance Using the Four-Factor Pricing Model: Evidence from Dow Jones Islamic Index," Working Papers 2014-216, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  5. Janusz Brzeszczynski & Graham McIntosh, 2012. "Performance of Portfolios Composed of British SRI Stocks," CFI Discussion Papers, Centre for Finance and Investment, Heriot Watt University 1204, Centre for Finance and Investment, Heriot Watt University.
  6. Oberndorfer, Ulrich & Schmidt, Peter & Wagner, Marcus & Ziegler, Andreas, 2013. "Does the stock market value the inclusion in a sustainability stock index? An event study analysis for German firms," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 497-509.
  7. Jacquelyn Humphrey & David Tan, 2014. "Does it Really Hurt to be Responsible?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 122(3), pages 375-386, July.
  8. David Collison & George Cobb & David Power & Lorna Stevenson, 2009. "FTSE4Good: exploring its implications for corporate conduct," Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 22(1), pages 35-58, January.
  9. Andreas Ziegler, 2012. "Is it Beneficial to be Included in a Sustainability Stock Index? A Panel Data Study for European Firms," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 52(3), pages 301-325, July.
  10. Ziegler, Andreas & Schröder, Michael, 2010. "What determines the inclusion in a sustainability stock index?: A panel data analysis for european firms," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 69(4), pages 848-856, February.
  11. Janusz Brzeszczyński & Graham McIntosh, 2014. "Performance of Portfolios Composed of British SRI Stocks," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 120(3), pages 335-362, March.
  12. Hooi Hooi Lean & Duc Khuong Nguyen, 2014. "Policy uncertainty and performance characteristics of sustainable investments across regions around the global financial crisis," Working Papers 2014-295, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  13. Konstantina Kappou & Ioannis Oikonomou, 2012. "Is there a Gold Social Seal? The Financial Effects of Additions to and Deletions from Social Stock Indices," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance, Henley Business School, Reading University icma-dp2012-10, Henley Business School, Reading University.
  14. Urs von Arx, 2005. "Principle guided investing: The use of negative screens and its implications for green investors," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 05/45, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
  15. Janick Christian Mollet & Andreas Ziegler, 2012. "Is Socially Responsible Investing Really Beneficial? New Empirical Evidence for the US and European Stock Markets," MAGKS Papers on Economics, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung) 201228, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  16. Capelle-Blancard, Gunther & Monjon, Stéphanie, 2014. "The Performance of Socially Responsible Funds : Does the Screening Process Matter ?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/7347, Paris Dauphine University.
  17. Ortas, Eduardo & Moneva, José M. & Salvador, Manuel, 2012. "Does socially responsible investment equity indexes in emerging markets pay off? Evidence from Brazil," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 581-597.
  18. Noor Hashim, 2008. "The FTSE Global Islamic and the Risk Dilemma," AIUB Bus Econ Working Paper Series AIUB-BUS-ECON-2008-08, American International University-Bangladesh, Office of Research and Publications (ORP), revised Mar 2008.
  19. Richard Copp & Michael L. Kremmer & Eduardo Roca, 2010. "Should funds invest in socially responsible investments during downturns?: Financial and legal implications of the fund manager's dilemma," Accounting Research Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 254 - 266, November.

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