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Beschäftigung und Lohnstrukturen nach Qualifikationen und Altersgruppen: Eine empirische Analyse auf Basis der IAB-Beschäftigtenstichprobe

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  • Garloff, Alfred
  • Fitzenberger, Bernd
  • Kohn, Karsten

Abstract

Diese Arbeit untersucht empirisch den Zusammenhang von Beschäftigung und Lohnstrukturen zwischen sowie innerhalb von Qualifikations- und Altersgruppen. Zunächst werden Substitutionselastizitäten zwischen Qualifikations- und Altersgruppen geschätzt und die Lohnveränderungen bestimmt, die notwendig gewesen wären, um im Jahre 1997 die qualifikationsspezifischen Arbeitslosenquoten zu halbieren. Die geschätzten Substitutionselastizitäten sind sehr hoch. Die notwendige Lohnreduktion liegt nominal zwischen 9% und 10,6% und fällt umso höher aus, je geringer die Qualifikation der Arbeitnehmergruppe ist. Der zweite Teil der Arbeit befasst sich mit dem Zusammenhang zwischen residualer Lohnungleichheit und Beschäftigungsdynamik. Es werden konkurrierende Implikationen aus der Theorie der Grenzproduktivitätsentlohnung und der Suchtheorie abgeleitet und empirisch untersucht. Die Ergebnisse sind für keine der beiden Theorien überzeugend. Das robuste Ergebnis einer signifikant positiven Korrelation zwischen dem Niveau der Arbeitslosenquote und der residualen Lohnungleichheit legt allerdings nahe, dass Suchfriktionen zur Erklärung der residualen Lohndispersion beitragen können. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 03-75.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:1685

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Keywords: Arbeitsnachfrage; Alter; Qualifikationen; Lohnstrukturen; Heterogenität; Suchfriktionen;

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References

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  1. David Card & Francis Kramarz & Thomas Lemieux, 1996. "Changes in the Relative Structure of Wages and Employment: A Comparison of the United States, Canada, and France," NBER Working Papers 5487, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  9. David Card & Thomas Lemieux, 2000. "Can Falling Supply Explain the Rising Return to College for Younger Men? A Cohort-Based Analysis," NBER Working Papers 7655, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ralf Rukwid, 2007. "Lohnspreizung und Arbeitslosigkeit. Empirische Befunde zur Arbeitsmarktsituation gering Qualifizierter in Deutschland," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 33(3), pages 391-420.
  2. Knut Gerlach & Gesine Stephan, 2006. "Bargaining Regimes and Wage Dispersion," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 226(6), pages 629-645, November.
  3. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Kohn, Karsten, 2006. "Skill Wage Premia, Employment, and Cohort Effects: Are Workers in Germany All of the Same Type?," IZA Discussion Papers 2185, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Garloff, Alfred, 2003. "Lohndispersion und Arbeitslosigkeit: Neuere Ansätze in der Suchtheorie," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-60, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Brown, Alessio J. G. & Merkl, Christian & Snower, Dennis J., 2007. "Comparing the Effectiveness of Employment Subsidies," IZA Discussion Papers 2835, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Bernd Fitzenberger & Alfred Garloff, 2008. "Unemployment, Labor Market Transitions, And Residual Wage Dispersion," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 55(5), pages 561-590, November.
  7. Harald Hagemann & Ralf Rukwid, 2007. "Perspectives of Workers with Low Qualifications in Germany under the Pressures of Globalization and Technical Progress," Diskussionspapiere aus dem Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre der Universität Hohenheim 291/2007, Department of Economics, University of Hohenheim, Germany.

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