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Beschäftigung und Lohnstrukturen nach Qualifikationen und Altersgruppen: Eine empirische Analyse auf Basis der IAB-Beschäftigtenstichprobe

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  • Garloff, Alfred
  • Fitzenberger, Bernd
  • Kohn, Karsten

Abstract

Diese Arbeit untersucht empirisch den Zusammenhang von Beschäftigung und Lohnstrukturen zwischen sowie innerhalb von Qualifikations- und Altersgruppen. Zunächst werden Substitutionselastizitäten zwischen Qualifikations- und Altersgruppen geschätzt und die Lohnveränderungen bestimmt, die notwendig gewesen wären, um im Jahre 1997 die qualifikationsspezifischen Arbeitslosenquoten zu halbieren. Die geschätzten Substitutionselastizitäten sind sehr hoch. Die notwendige Lohnreduktion liegt nominal zwischen 9% und 10,6% und fällt umso höher aus, je geringer die Qualifikation der Arbeitnehmergruppe ist. Der zweite Teil der Arbeit befasst sich mit dem Zusammenhang zwischen residualer Lohnungleichheit und Beschäftigungsdynamik. Es werden konkurrierende Implikationen aus der Theorie der Grenzproduktivitätsentlohnung und der Suchtheorie abgeleitet und empirisch untersucht. Die Ergebnisse sind für keine der beiden Theorien überzeugend. Das robuste Ergebnis einer signifikant positiven Korrelation zwischen dem Niveau der Arbeitslosenquote und der residualen Lohnungleichheit legt allerdings nahe, dass Suchfriktionen zur Erklärung der residualen Lohndispersion beitragen können. --

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 03-75.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:1685

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Keywords: Arbeitsnachfrage; Alter; Qualifikationen; Lohnstrukturen; Heterogenität; Suchfriktionen;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Garloff, Alfred, 2005. "Unemployment, Labor Market Transitions, and Residual Wage Dispersion," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-04, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Kohn, Karsten, 2006. "Skill wage premia, employment, and cohort effects: are workers in Germany all of the same type?," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-44, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Garloff, Alfred, 2003. "Lohndispersion und Arbeitslosigkeit: Neuere Ansätze in der Suchtheorie," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-60, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Brown, Alessio J. G. & Merkl, Christian & Snower, Dennis J., 2007. "Comparing the Effectiveness of Employment Subsidies," IZA Discussion Papers 2835, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Knut Gerlach & Gesine Stephan, 2006. "Bargaining Regimes and Wage Dispersion," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 226(6), pages 629-645, November.
  6. Ralf Rukwid, 2007. "Lohnspreizung und Arbeitslosigkeit. Empirische Befunde zur Arbeitsmarktsituation gering Qualifizierter in Deutschland," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 33(3), pages 391-420.
  7. Harald Hagemann & Ralf Rukwid, 2007. "Perspectives of Workers with Low Qualifications in Germany under the Pressures of Globalization and Technical Progress," Diskussionspapiere aus dem Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre der Universität Hohenheim, Department of Economics, University of Hohenheim, Germany 291/2007, Department of Economics, University of Hohenheim, Germany.

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