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Wann kehren junge Mütter auf den Arbeitsmarkt zurück? Eine Verweildaueranalyse für Deutschland

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  • Weber, Andrea Maria

Abstract

Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Entscheidung junger Mütter, die im Jahr vor der Geburt eines Kindes berufstätig waren, in einem Zeitraum von bis zu drei Jahren nach der Geburt auf den Arbeitsmarkt zurückzukehren. Neben dem Einfluss sozioökonomischer Faktoren werden die Auswirkungen familienpolitischer Gegebenheiten auf die Dauer der Erwerbsunterbrechung diskutiert. Es zeigt sich, dass eine Erhöhung der gesetzlichen Erziehungsurlaubsfrist in der Vergangenheit eine negative Auswirkung auf die Rückkehrwahrscheinlichkeit in die Erwerbstätigkeit hatte. -- This contribution is concerned with the decision of young mothers who were employed during the year before childbirth to return to the labour market within three years after childbirth. In addition to socio-economic factors the influence of family policy on the duration of the employment break is examined. One finding is that the expansion of the maximum maternity leave period in the past exerted a negative impact on the probability to return to the labour market.

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 04-08.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:1609

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Keywords: Verweildaueranalyse; Arbeitsangebot;

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  1. C. Katharina Spiess & Jan Ondrich & Qing Yang, 1996. "Barefoot and in a German kitchen: Federal parental leave and benefit policy and the return to work after childbirth in Germany," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 247-266.
  2. Weber, Andrea Maria & Lauer, Charlotte, 2003. "Employment of Mothers After Childbirth: French-German Comparison," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 03-50, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Barrow, Lisa, 1999. "An Analysis of Women's Return-to-Work Decisions following First Birth," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 37(3), pages 432-51, July.
  4. Lauer, Charlotte, 2003. "Education and Unemployment: A French-German Comparison," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 03-34, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Reize, Frank, 2000. "Leaving unemployment for self-employment: a discrete duration analysis of determinants and stability of self-employment among former unemployed," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 00-26, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Jan Ondrich & C. Spiess & Qing Yang & Gert Wagner, 2003. "The Liberalization of Maternity Leave Policy and the Return to Work after Childbirth in Germany," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 77-110, January.
  7. Gustafsson, Siv S, et al, 1996. "Women's Labor Force Transitions in Connection with Childbirth: A Panel Data Comparison between Germany, Sweden and Great Britain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 223-46, August.
  8. Klerman, Jacob Alex & Leibowitz, Arleen, 1990. "Child Care and Women's Return to Work after Childbirth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 284-88, May.
  9. Arleen Leibowitz & Jacob Alex Klerman & Linda J. Waite, 1992. "Employment of New Mothers and Child Care Choice: Differences by Children's Age," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 112-133.
  10. Steiner, Viktor, 2001. " Unemployment Persistence in the West German Labour Market: Negative Duration Dependence or Sorting?," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 63(1), pages 91-113, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Elke Lüdemann & Ralf Wilke & Xuan Zhang, 2006. "Censored quantile regressions and the length of unemployment periods in West Germany," Empirical Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 1003-1024, November.
  2. Drasch, Katrin, 2012. "Between familial imprinting and institutional regulation: Family related employment interruptions of women in Germany before and after the German reunification," IAB Discussion Paper 201209, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  3. Katrin Sommerfeld, 2008. "Older Babies - More Active Mothers?: How Maternal Labor Supply Changes as the Child Grows," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 143, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  4. C. Spiess & Katharina Wrohlich, 2008. "The Parental Leave Benefit Reform in Germany: Costs and Labour Market Outcomes of Moving towards the Nordic Model," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 27(5), pages 575-591, October.
  5. Schönberg, Uta, 2008. "Does the IABS reliably identify maternity leave taking?," FDZ Methodenreport, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 200803_en, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  6. Drasch, Katrin, 2011. "Do changing institutional settings matter? : educational attainment and family related employment interruptions in Germany," IAB Discussion Paper 201113, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  7. Patrick Puhani & Katja Sonderhof, 2011. "The effects of parental leave extension on training for young women," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 731-760, April.
  8. Mareike Wagner, 2012. "The Impact of Social Support Networks on Maternal Employment: A Comparison of West German, East German and Migrant Mothers of Pre-School Children," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 483, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  9. C. Katharina Spieß, 2011. "Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf – wie wirksam sind deutsche „Care Policies“?," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 12(s1), pages 4-27, 05.

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