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Die Anatomie des Berufswechsels: Eine empirische Bestandsaufnahme auf Basis der BIBB/IAB-Daten 1998/1999

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  • Spitz, Alexandra
  • Fitzenberger, Bernd

Abstract

Unter dem Stichwort "Patchwork-Biografien" wird die Tatsache, dass ein großer Teil der abhängig Beschäftigten ihren erlernten Beruf nicht mehr ausüben, in jüngster Zeit viel diskutiert. Diese Studie liefert einen empirischen Beitrag zur Anatomie der Berufswechsel für westdeutsche Männer auf Basis der BIBB/IABDaten 1998/1999. Als Grundlage für die empirische Analyse wird ein theoretisches Modell der Wahl zwischen horizontal differenzierten Berufen entwickelt. Die wichtigsten Ergebnisse sind : Ex post beobachtete Berufswechsel hängen negativ vom Durchschnittslohn im Ausbildungsberuf und positiv vom Durchschnittslohn im Erwerbsberuf ab. Der deskriptiv beobachtete durchschnittliche Entlohnungseffekt eines Berufswechsels ist signifikant positiv, verstärkt sich noch, wenn für den Ausbildungsberuf kontrolliert wird, und ist demgegenüber signifikant negativ, wenn für den Erwerbsberuf kontrolliert wird. Der geschätzte kausale durchschnittliche Entlohnungseffekt ist positiv. Die Ergebnisse sind insgesamt damit konsistent, dass Berufswechsel vor allem damit zusammenhängen, dass Beschäftigte im neuen Erwerbsberuf größere Verdienst- und Karrierechancen wahrnehmen können. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 04-05.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:1606

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Keywords: Berufswechsel; Lohneffekt; Selektivität; westdeutsche Männer;

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References

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  1. McCall, Brian P, 1990. "Occupational Matching: A Test of Sorts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(1), pages 45-69, February.
  2. Oded Galor & Nachum Sicherman, 1988. "A Theory of Career Mobility," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 51, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  3. Nachum Sicherman, 1987. "Over-Education in the Labor Market," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 48, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  4. Blaug, Mark, 1976. "The Empirical Status of Human Capital Theory: A Slightly Jaundiced Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 827-55, September.
  5. Christian Dustmann & Costas Meghir, 2005. "Wages, Experience and Seniority," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(1), pages 77-108.
  6. Kathryn L. Shaw, 1984. "A Formulation of the Earnings Function Using the Concept of Occupational Investment," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 19(3), pages 319-340.
  7. Derek Neal, 1998. "The Link between Ability and Specialization: An Explanation for Observed Correlations between Wages and Mobility Rates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 33(1), pages 173-200.
  8. Sicherman, Nachum, 1990. "Education and occupational mobility," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 163-179, June.
  9. Miller, Robert A, 1984. "Job Matching and Occupational Choice," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(6), pages 1086-120, December.
  10. Uschi Backes-Gellner, 2008. "Zur Logik betrieblicher Qualifizierungsstrategien im internationalen Vergleich," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0020, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU).
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Cited by:
  1. Burkert, Carola & Seibert, Holger, 2007. "Labour market outcomes after vocational training in Germany : equal opportunities for migrants and natives?," IAB Discussion Paper 200731, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  2. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Kunze, Astrid, 2005. "Vocational Training and Gender: Wages and Occupational Mobility among young Workers," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-66, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Stuth, Stefan & Hennig, Marina & Allmendinger, Jutta, 2009. "Die Bedeutung des Berufs für die Dauer von Erwerbsunterbrechungen," Discussion Papers, Presidential Department P 2009-001, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  4. Stops, Michael, 2012. "Job matching across occupational labour markets," IAB Discussion Paper 201227, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

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