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Industry funding of university research and scientific productivity

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  • Hottenrott, Hanna
  • Thorwarth, Susanne

Abstract

University research provides valuable inputs to industrial innovation. It is therefore not surprising that private sector firms increasingly seek direct access through funding public R&D. This development, however, spurred concerns about possible negative long-run effects on scientific performance. While previous research mainly focused on a potential crowding-out of scientific publications through commercialization activities such as patenting or the formation of spin-off companies, we study the effects of direct funding from industry on professors' publication and patenting efforts. Our analysis on a sample of 678 professors at 46 higher education institutions in Germany shows that a higher share of industry funding of a professor's research budget results in a lower publication outcome both in terms of quantity and quality in subsequent years. For patents, we find that industry funding increases their quality measured by patent citations. --

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 10-105 [rev.].

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:10105r

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Keywords: Scientific Productivity; Research Funding; Academic Patents; Technology Transfer;

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Cited by:
  1. Andrea Bonaccorsi & Luca Secondi & Enza Setteducati & Alessio Ancaiani, 2014. "Participation and commitment in third-party research funding: evidence from Italian Universities," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 169-198, April.
  2. Cornelia Lawson, 2013. "Academic patenting: the importance of industry support," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 38(4), pages 509-535, August.
  3. Kyriakos Drivas & Athanasios T. Balafoutis & Stelios Rozakis, 2014. "Research Funding and Academic Output: The Case of Agricultural University of Athens," Working Papers 2014-5, Agricultural University of Athens, Department Of Agricultural Economics.
  4. Rentocchini, Francesco & D'Este, Pablo & Manjarrés-Henríquez, Liney & Grimaldi, Rosa, 2014. "The relationship between academic consulting and research performance: Evidence from five Spanish universities," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 70-83.

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