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Besteuerungsprinzipien und effektive Unternehmenssteuerbelastungen in der Europäischen Union

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Author Info

  • Elschner, Christina
  • Heckemeyer, Jost Henrich
  • Spengel, Christoph

Abstract

Dieser Beitrag untersucht umfassend die Unternehmensbesteuerung in der Europäischen Union im Zeitraum von 1998 bis 2007. Das innereuropäische Steuergefälle wird unter Rückgriff auf zwei zentrale Maßgrößen - die Kapitalkosten und die effektive Durchschnittssteuerbelastung - abgebildet. Die Berechnungen auf Grundlage der Methodik nach Devereux und Griffith erlauben dabei die Messung der Steuerbelastung auf rein inländische als auch auf grenzüberschreitende (Direkt-)Investitionen. Die eingehende Analyse der auf diese Weise detailliert quantifizierten Besteuerungsregime zeigt unter anderem, dass in der EU das Prinzip der Kapitalimportneutralität gegenüber einer Verwirklichung von Kapitalexportneutralität klar dominiert. Die nicht realisierte Harmonisierung der Unternehmensbesteuerung impliziert Produktionsineffizienzen aufgrund steuerlich verzerrter Investitions- und Standortentscheidungen sowie Wettbewerbsverzerrungen. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 09-034.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:09034

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Keywords: Effektive Steuerbelastung; Europäische Union; Unternehmensbesteuerung;

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References

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  1. Dutton, John, 1982. "The Optimal Taxation of International Investment Income: A Comment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 97(2), pages 373-80, May.
  2. Lars P. Feld & Jost Henrich Heckemeyer, 2009. "FDI and Taxation: A Meta-Study," CESifo Working Paper Series 2540, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Desai, Mihir A. & Hines, James R. Jr., 2004. "Old Rules and New Realities: Corporate Tax Policy in a Global Setting," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 57(4), pages 937-60, December.
  4. Desai, Mihir A. & Hines, James R. Jr., 2003. "Evaluating International Tax Reform," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 56(3), pages 487-502, September.
  5. Horst, Thomas, 1980. "A Note on the Optimal Taxation of International Investment Income," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 94(4), pages 793-98, June.
  6. Homburg, Stefan, 2000. "Perspektiven der internationalen Unternehmensbesteuerung," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 9-61.
  7. Christina Elschner & Werner Vanborren, 2009. "Corporate Effective Tax Rates in an Enlarged European Union," Taxation Papers 14, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission, revised Apr 2009.
  8. Devereux, Michael P & Griffith, Rachel, 2002. "Evaluating Tax Policy for Location Decisions," CEPR Discussion Papers 3247, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Michael P. Devereux, 2008. "Taxation of outbound direct investment: economic principles and tax policy considerations," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(4), pages 698-719, winter.
  10. Michael Keen & David Wildasin, 2004. "Pareto-Efficient International Taxation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 259-275, March.
  11. Diamond, Peter A & Mirrlees, James A, 1971. "Optimal Taxation and Public Production: I--Production Efficiency," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 8-27, March.
  12. Ulrich Schreiber & Christoph Spengel & Lothar Lammersen, 2002. "Measuring The Impact Of Taxation On Investment And Financing Decisions," Schmalenbach Business Review (sbr), LMU Munich School of Management, vol. 54(1), pages 2-23, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Dreßler, Daniel, 2012. "The impact of corporate taxes on investment: An explanatory empirical analysis for interested practitioners," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-040, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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