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Nationale Rentenreformen und die Europäische Union: Entwicklungslinien und Einflusskanäle


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  • Schmähl, Winfried
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    Ausgangspunkt des Beitrags ist zum einen die beträchtliche Rolle, die die europäische Ebene inzwischen für die Alterssicherungspolitik der Mitgliedsstaaten erlangt hat. Zum anderen zeigen sich in jüngerer Zeit verschiedene Entwicklungstendenzen in der Alterssicherungspolitik von Mitgliedsstaaten. Auf sechs dieser Tendenzen wird hingewiesen. Damit verbunden ist die Frage, ob über die europäische Ebene – auch angesichts der Erweiterung der EU und der in neuen Mitgliedsstaaten durchgeführten Reformen – Rückwirkungen auf die Entwicklung nationaler Alterssicherungssysteme erwachsen können. Im Zusammenhang damit steht auch die gestiegene Bedeutung von Wirtschafts- und Finanzministern sowie Finanzmarktakteuren in der Alterssicherungspolitik, die über die EU-Kanäle – auch die neue „offene Methode der Koordinierung“ – zusätzlich an Einfluss gewinnen. -- Starting point of this paper is the important role of the European level for pension policy in member countries as well as some tendencies of recent pension reform in several of the member countries. Six of these tendencies are discussed. Related to this is the question whether from the European level - in particular because of reform strategies in some of the new member countries - effects on pension policy in (other) countries may emerge via the different channels of influence, among other things the new open method of coordination. This is also linked to the growing role of the ministers of economic and finance as well as actors in capital markets in old-age security on the national as well as European level.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS) in its series Working papers of the ZeS with number 03/2005.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:zeswps:032005

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    1. Wehlau, Diana & Sommer, Jörg, 2004. "Pension policies after EU enlargement: Between financial market integration and sustainability of public finances," Working papers of the ZeS 10/2004, University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS).
    2. Martin Werding, 2004. "Assessing Old-age Pension Benefits: The Rules Applied In Different Countries," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 2(2), pages 55-63, 07.
    3. Franco, Daniele, 2001. "Italy: The Search for a Sustainable PAYG Pension System," Discussion Paper, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University 10, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    4. A. B. Atkinson, 1999. "The Economic Consequences of Rolling Back the Welfare State," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011719, December.
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