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Welfare state formation in the enlarged European union – Patterns of reform in the post-communist new member states

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  • Offe, Claus
  • Fuchs, Susanne
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    Abstract

    Eastern Enlargement of the European Union challenged the design of European Welfare states. Many authors discuss the impact of East European social security systems on their West European counterparts and fear a “race to the bottom”. This paper addresses welfare state developments in the eight post-socialist new member states which completed the accession process in 2004, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, and Slovenia (EU-8). We focus on institutional patterns and performance as well as on the impact of internal and external actors of welfare state formation. How do the EU-8 diverge from West European welfare states and how do they fit into the typology of welfare state regimes? -- Die Osterweiterung der Europäischen Union bietet nicht zuletzt auch Herausforderungen für die westeuropäischen Wohlfahrtsstaaten, die in der Literatur häufig als Bedrohung analysiert werden. Die vorliegende Studie untersucht die Entwicklung der Sozialversicherungssysteme in acht postsozialistischen Staaten, die 2004 in die Europäische Union aufgenommen wurden, Estland, Lettland, Litauen, Polen, Slowakei, Slowenien, Ungarn und die tschechische Republik (EU-8). Wir untersuchen sowohl institutionelle Designs und Performance als auch den Einfluss externer und interner Akteure auf die wohlfahrtsstaatliche Entwicklung in diesen Ländern. Wie unterscheiden sie sich von westeuropäischen Wohlfahrtsstaaten und wie passen sie in gängige Typologien von Wohlfahrtsstaat-Regimen?

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Global Governance with number SP IV 2007-306.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbtci:spiv2007306

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    1. Michael Knogler & Volkhart Vincentz, 2005. "Auswirkungen der EU-Osterweiterung auf die Arbeitsmärkte der neuen Mitgliedstaaten und der EU-15, insbesondere Deutschland," Working Papers 257, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies).
    2. Mechthild Schrooten & Sabine Stephan, 2003. "Private Savings in Eastern European EU-Accession Countries: Evidence from a Dynamic Panel Data Model," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 372, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    3. Michael Knogler, 2002. "Arbeitsmarktpolitische Herausforderungen in den EU-Beitrittskandidaten : Abbau der hohen Steuerbelastung der Arbeitseinkommen," Memoranda - Policy Papers 2, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies).
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