Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

The coupling of spin-offs and research institutions in the triangle of policy, science and industrie: an international comparison

Contents:

Author Info

  • Konrad, Kornelia
  • Truffer, Bernhard
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Academic spin-offs have received increasing attention in discussions about science and innovation policy and in research. Most of the attention has been focused on determining the conditions for fostering spin-offs, but this paper shifts the focus back to the potential repercussions for academic institutions. These may result from the involvement of researchers in spin-off processes and from incentives aimed at supporting spin-off activities. In a first step, the paper develops a conceptual framework with which to analyse repercussions that result from the interaction between policy measures for supporting spin-offs and structural features of national science systems. Policy measures and structural aspects of the science systems influence the ways spin-offs and their parent institutions interact. As patterns of linkages differ, so too may their impacts on academic institutions. Secondly, based on secondary analysis of comparative studies, we develop a number of hypotheses as to which repercussions on academic institutions may be expected in a number of European countries. The paper concludes by proposing implications for policy as well as for further research. -- Akademische Ausgründungen (Spin-offs) haben in den letzten Jahren zunehmende Aufmerksamkeit in der Forschungs- und Innovationspolitik, in den wissenschaftlichen Institutionen wie Universitäten und Forschungsinstituten und in der Forschung selbst gewonnen. Dabei werden überwiegend die geeigneten Förderbedingungen für Ausgründungen diskutiert. In diesem Papier wenden wir hingegen den Blick zurück auf die wissenschaftlichen Institutionen und fragen, welche Rückwirkungen Ausgründungsprozesse sowie die Maßnahmen zur Förderung von Ausgründungsprozessen auf die wissenschaftlichen Institutionen und die wissenschaftliche Arbeit haben können. Das Papier gliedert sich in zwei Teile. Erstens präsentieren wir einen konzeptionellen Rahmen, der Rückwirkungen auf die wissenschaftlichen Institutionen in Abhängigkeit von den spezifischen Fördermaßnahmen wie von den spezifischen Strukturen des Wissenschaftssystems innerhalb eines Landes beschreibt. Ferner nehmen wir an, dass Fördermaßnahmen und die Struktur des Wissenschaftssystems auch die Beziehungen und Interaktionen zwischen Ausgründung und Mutterinstitution beeinflussen können. Die je unterschiedlichen Beziehungen können wiederum zu unterschiedlichen Effekten für die wissenschaftlichen Institutionen führen. Zweitens entwickeln wir, basierend auf einer Sekundäranalyse von vergleichenden Studien, Hypothesen dazu, welche Rückwirkungen in mehreren europäischen Ländern in Anbetracht der jeweiligen Bedingungen zu erwarten sind. Das Papier schließt mit einem Ausblick auf Implikationen für Politik und weitere Forschung.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/50772/1/526581611.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Group Science Policy Studies with number P 2006-103.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbsps:p2006103

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Reichpietschufer 50, 10785 Berlin, Germany
    Phone: ++49 - 30 - 25491 - 0
    Fax: ++49 - 30 - 25491 - 684
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.wzb.eu/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Goldfarb, Brent & Henrekson, Magnus, 2003. "Bottom-up versus top-down policies towards the commercialization of university intellectual property," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 639-658, April.
    2. Céline Druilhe & Elizabeth Garnsey, 2004. "Do Academic Spin-Outs Differ and Does it Matter?," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 29(3_4), pages 269-285, 08.
    3. Philippe Mustar, 1997. "How French academics create hi-tech companies: The conditions for success or failure," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(1), pages 37-43, February.
    4. Doris Schartinger, 2001. "Benchmarking industry—science relations: the role of framework conditions," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(4), pages 247-258, August.
    5. Etzkowitz, Henry & Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and "Mode 2" to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 109-123, February.
    6. Moray, Nathalie & Clarysse, Bart, 2005. "Institutional change and resource endowments to science-based entrepreneurial firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1010-1027, September.
    7. Mustar, Philippe & Renault, Marie & Colombo, Massimo G. & Piva, Evila & Fontes, Margarida & Lockett, Andy & Wright, Mike & Clarysse, Bart & Moray, Nathalie, 2006. "Conceptualising the heterogeneity of research-based spin-offs: A multi-dimensional taxonomy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 289-308, March.
    8. Rappert, Brian & Webster, Andrew & Charles, David, 1999. "Making sense of diversity and reluctance: academic-industrial relations and intellectual property," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 873-890, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbsps:p2006103. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.