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The coupling of spin-offs and research institutions in the triangle of policy, science and industrie: An international comparison


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  • Konrad, Kornelia
  • Truffer, Bernhard
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    Academic spin-offs have received increasing attention in discussions about science and innovation policy and in research. Most of the attention has been focused on determining the conditions for fostering spin-offs, but this paper shifts the focus back to the potential repercussions for academic institutions. These may result from the involvement of researchers in spin-off processes and from incentives aimed at supporting spin-off activities. In a first step, the paper develops a conceptual framework with which to analyse repercussions that result from the interaction between policy measures for supporting spin-offs and structural features of national science systems. Policy measures and structural aspects of the science systems influence the ways spin-offs and their parent institutions interact. As patterns of linkages differ, so too may their impacts on academic institutions. Secondly, based on secondary analysis of comparative studies, we develop a number of hypotheses as to which repercussions on academic institutions may be expected in a number of European countries. The paper concludes by proposing implications for policy as well as for further research. -- Akademische Ausgründungen (Spin-offs) haben in den letzten Jahren zunehmende Aufmerksamkeit in der Forschungs- und Innovationspolitik, in den wissenschaftlichen Institutionen wie Universitäten und Forschungsinstituten und in der Forschung selbst gewonnen. Dabei werden überwiegend die geeigneten Förderbedingungen für Ausgründungen diskutiert. In diesem Papier wenden wir hingegen den Blick zurück auf die wissenschaftlichen Institutionen und fragen, welche Rückwirkungen Ausgründungsprozesse sowie die Maßnahmen zur Förderung von Ausgründungsprozessen auf die wissenschaftlichen Institutionen und die wissenschaftliche Arbeit haben können. Das Papier gliedert sich in zwei Teile. Erstens präsentieren wir einen konzeptionellen Rahmen, der Rückwirkungen auf die wissenschaftlichen Institutionen in Abhängigkeit von den spezifischen Fördermaßnahmen wie von den spezifischen Strukturen des Wissenschaftssystems innerhalb eines Landes beschreibt. Ferner nehmen wir an, dass Fördermaßnahmen und die Struktur des Wissenschaftssystems auch die Beziehungen und Interaktionen zwischen Ausgründung und Mutterinstitution beeinflussen können. Die je unterschiedlichen Beziehungen können wiederum zu unterschiedlichen Effekten für die wissenschaftlichen Institutionen führen. Zweitens entwickeln wir, basierend auf einer Sekundäranalyse von vergleichenden Studien, Hypothesen dazu, welche Rückwirkungen in mehreren europäischen Ländern in Anbetracht der jeweiligen Bedingungen zu erwarten sind. Das Papier schließt mit einem Ausblick auf Implikationen für Politik und weitere Forschung.

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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Group Science Policy Studies with number P 2006-103.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbsps:p2006103

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    1. Philippe Mustar, 1997. "How French academics create hi-tech companies: The conditions for success or failure," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(1), pages 37-43, February.
    2. Mustar, Philippe & Renault, Marie & Colombo, Massimo G. & Piva, Evila & Fontes, Margarida & Lockett, Andy & Wright, Mike & Clarysse, Bart & Moray, Nathalie, 2006. "Conceptualising the heterogeneity of research-based spin-offs: A multi-dimensional taxonomy," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 289-308, March.
    3. Céline Druilhe & Elizabeth Garnsey, 2004. "Do Academic Spin-Outs Differ and Does it Matter?," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 29(3_4), pages 269-285, 08.
    4. Doris Schartinger, 2001. "Benchmarking industry—science relations: the role of framework conditions," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(4), pages 247-258, August.
    5. Etzkowitz, Henry & Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and "Mode 2" to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 109-123, February.
    6. Moray, Nathalie & Clarysse, Bart, 2005. "Institutional change and resource endowments to science-based entrepreneurial firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1010-1027, September.
    7. Goldfarb, Brent & Henrekson, Magnus, 2003. "Bottom-up versus top-down policies towards the commercialization of university intellectual property," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 639-658, April.
    8. Rappert, Brian & Webster, Andrew & Charles, David, 1999. "Making sense of diversity and reluctance: academic-industrial relations and intellectual property," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 873-890, November.
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