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Zwischen Nepotismus und reflexiven Standards: Personalpolitiken und Karrierechancen in der Industrieforschung

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  • Matthies, Hildegard
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    Abstract

    Frauen sind in Wissenschaft und Forschung immer noch unterrepräsentiert, in öffentlich finanzierten Einrichtungen genauso wie in der Privatwirtschaft. Vor allem in höherrangigen Positionen ist der Frauenanteil anhaltend gering. In empirischen Studien werden als Verursacher dieses Phänomens zunehmend informelle und intransparente Praktiken der Personalrekrutierung und -förderung identifiziert. Am Beispiel des Forschungsbereichs eines chemisch-pharmazeutischen Industrieunternehmens in Deutschland wird deshalb in der vorliegenden Studie der Frage nachgegangen, ob eine stärker formalisierte und an einheitlichen Regeln orientierte Personalpolitik derartige Karrierenachteile von Frauen verringern könnte. Die Befunde zeigen, dass die Benachteiligung von Frauen aufgrund stereotyper Geschlechterbilder und Verhaltenserwartungen sowie einer männlich geprägten Unternehmenskultur mit paternalistischen Anerkennungs- und Beförderungsstrukturen durch solche Verfahren nur bedingt unterbunden werden kann. Gleichwohl gibt es Anhaltspunkte, dass Personalentscheidungen im Kontext von standardisierten und transparenten Kriterien der Leistungsbewertung einen gewissen Legitimationsdruck erhalten, wodurch für Frauen zumindest die Thematisierung von Diskriminierung erleichtert wird. -- Women in academia and research are still under represented, both in public financed institutions as well as in the private sector of research and development. Particularly in high ranking positions the share of women is continuing to be at a very low level. Empirical studies focussing on this phenomenon identify more and more informal and non-transparent practices of personal recruitment and promotion as a pivotal barrier for women in organizations. Thus the submitted paper goes further into the question, whether a more formalized and well-regulated and controlled personnel policy would minimize those vicarious discriminations for women. The subject of this study is the research division of a German chemical and pharmaceutical industrial enterprise. The findings verify on the one hand the disadvantages of women because of gender stereotypes and traditional expectations of behaviour roles as well as of a masculine organizational culture with paternalistic structures of acknowledgement and promotion. On the other hand there is some evidence, that the use of standardized and transparent criteria for performance assessment would bring staffing decisions under a slight pressure of legitimization, which could facilitate to broaching the issue of discrimination on the official organizational agenda.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Group Science Policy Studies with number P 2005-102.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbsps:p2005102

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