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Die soziale Sicherung von selbstständig Erwerbstätigen in Deutschland


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  • Schulze Buschoff, Karin
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    Erläutert werden Art und Umfang der Einbeziehung der Selbstständigen in die einzelnen Sozialversicherungszweige, Sonderregelungen für bestimmte Gruppen von Selbstständigen, die gesetzlichen Regelungen zur Scheinselbstständigkeit und besondere sozialrechtliche Bedingungen bei arbeitsmarktpolitisch geförderter Selbstständigkeit (Ich-AG und Überbrückungsgeld). Es wird argumentiert, dass die Gesetzgebung zur sozialen Sicherung Selbstständiger widersprüchlich und unvollständig bleibt. Überfällig ist die Anerkennung des generellen sozialen Schutzbedarfs der Selbstständigen und die Ausweitung der Sozialversicherungspflicht auf alle Selbstständigen. Abschließend werden aktuelle Bestrebungen zur Reform der Sozialversicherungsregelungen für Selbstständige erörtert und bewertet. -- In Germany, self-employment outside of agriculture has been increasing since the 1990s. This has been accompanied by a growing number of the “new selfemployed”, many of whom have come directly from unemployment and set up small companies, mainly in the service sector, with only small capital resources. This development has created new challenges for social policy. It raises the question of whether and to what extent the social security system for the selfemployed works and is capable of dealing with the new situation. To answer this question, this paper evaluates Germany´s legislation on the social protection of self-employment. It is argued, that the social legislation on selfemployment (e.g. on “fictitious self-employment”) in recent years remains contradictory and incomplete. Instead, legislation should be directed towards the overdue recognition of the general need to protect the self-employed. The various reform options that follow from the evaluation are discussed in detail in the conclusion.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number SP I 2006-107.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2006107

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    1. Fachinger, Uwe & Oelschläger, Angelika, 2000. "Selbständige und ihre Altersvorsorge: Sozialpolitischer Handlungsbedarf?," Working papers of the ZeS 03/2000, University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS).
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