Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Institutions in the economic fitness landscape: What impact do welfare state institutions have on economic performance?

Contents:

Author Info

  • Schettkat, Ronald

Abstract

This paper uses data from 20 OECD countries to investigate the impact of welfare state institutions (especially employment protection, wage bargaining and work incentives) on the functioning of the labour market both theoretically and empirically. It shows that the impact of welfare state institutions is not as clear-cut as the deregulationists' view suggests. This result may be surprising against the background of the common view that welfare state measures cause European employment problems but it is in line with the outcomes of many other economic studies. The reasons for the ambiguous effects of welfare state institutions are manifold but the most important reason is the complexity of the impacts. There are many side-effects or second-round effects of welfare state institutions which, although often neglected, prove to be very important in the real ‘imperfect market’ world. Many welfare state institutions only have a clear-cut negative effect against the background of the theoretical perfect market model. -- Das Papier untersucht anhand von Daten aus 20 OECD Ländern den Einfluss von wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Einrichtungen (insbesondere Arbeitsschutz, Tarifverhandlungen und Arbeitsanreize) auf die Funktion von Arbeitsmärkten sowohl theoretisch als auch empirisch. Es zeigt auf, dass der Einfluss der wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Einrichtungen nicht so eindeutig ist, wie es die Sichtweise der Deregulierer nahe legt. Dieses Ergebnis mag überraschend sein vor dem Hintergrund der allgemein vertretenen Ansicht, dass wohlfahrtsstaatliche Maßnahmen die Ursache der europäischen Beschäftigungsprobleme sind; es stimmt aber mit den Ergebnissen anderer wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Studien überein. Die Gründe für die mehrdeutigen Auswirkungen von wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Einrichtungen sind vielfältig, aber der wichtigste Grund ist die Komplexität der Einflüsse. Es gibt viele Nebeneffekte oder nachgelagerte Effekte von wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Einrichtungen, die – obwohl oft vernachlässigt – sich als sehr wichtig in der realen unvollkommenen Marktwelt erweisen. Viele wohlfahrtsstaatliche Institutionen haben nur einen eindeutig negativen Effekt vor dem Hintergrund des theoretisch perfekten Marktmodells.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/43919/1/363091475.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number FS I 02-210.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:fsi02210

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Reichpietschufer 50, 10785 Berlin, Germany
Phone: ++49 - 30 - 25491 - 0
Fax: ++49 - 30 - 25491 - 684
Email:
Web page: http://www.wzb.eu/
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords:

Other versions of this item:

Find related papers by JEL classification:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Olivier Blanchard & Justin Wolfers, 1999. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7282, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Paul Krugman, 2000. "Can America Stay on Top?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 14(1), pages 169-175, Winter.
  3. Ours, J.C. van & Nickell, S.J., 2000. "The Netherlands and the United Kingdom: A European unemployment miracle?," Open Access publications from Tilburg University, Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-84119, Tilburg University.
  4. Dani Rodrik, 1996. "Why Do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments?," NBER Working Papers 5537, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Ronald Schettkat, 1997. "Book Review," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 153(2), pages 434-435, June.
  6. Richard B. Freeman & Ronald Schettkat, 2000. "Skill Compression, Wage Differentials and Employment: Germany vs. the US," NBER Working Papers 7610, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Paul Geroski & Paul Gregg & John van Reenen, 1995. "Market Imperfections and Employment," OECD Jobs Study Working Papers, OECD Publishing 5, OECD Publishing.
  8. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1992. "Labor Turnover Costs and Average Labor Demand," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 10(4), pages 389-411, October.
  9. Summers, Lawrence H, 1989. "Some Simple Economics of Mandated Benefits," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 79(2), pages 177-83, May.
  10. Daron Acemoglu & Robert Shimer, 1999. "Productivity Gains from Unemployment Insurance," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics 99-29, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  11. Horst Siebert, 1997. "Labor Market Rigidities: At the Root of Unemployment in Europe," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 37-54, Summer.
  12. Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn, 1994. "International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces," NBER Working Papers 4678, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Pedro Portugal & Olivier Blanchard, 2001. "What Hides Behind an Unemployment Rate: Comparing Portuguese and U.S. Labor Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 91(1), pages 187-207, March.
  14. Atkinson, Anthony B, 2000. " The Welfare State, Budgetary Pressure and Labour Market Shifts," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 102(3), pages 445-62, June.
  15. Oschmiansky, Frank & Kull, Silke & Schmid, Günther, 2001. "Faule Arbeitslose? Politische Konjunkturen einer Debatte," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) FS I 01-206, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  16. Krueger, Alan B., 2000. "From Bismarck to Maastricht: The March to European Union and the Labor Compact1," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 117-134, March.
  17. Teulings,Coen & Hartog,Joop, 2008. "Corporatism or Competition?," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521049399.
  18. Alan B. Krueger, 2000. "From Bismarck to Maastricht: The March to European Union and the Labor Compact," NBER Working Papers 7456, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  19. Gordon, Robert J, 1990. "What Is New-Keynesian Economics?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 28(3), pages 1115-71, September.
  20. Baumol, William J, 1972. "Macroeconomics of Unbalanced Growth: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 62(1), pages 150, March.
  21. Glyn, Andrew, 1995. "The Assessment: Unemployment and Inequality," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(1), pages 1-25, Spring.
  22. Agell, J., 1998. "On the Benefits from Rigid Labour Markets: Norms, Market Failures, and Social Insurance," Papers, Uppsala - Working Paper Series 1998:17, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  23. Bentolila, Samuel & Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Firing Costs and Labour Demand: How Bad Is Eurosclerosis?," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 381-402, July.
  24. Richard B. Freeman, 2000. "Single Peaked Vs. Diversified Capitalism: The Relation Between Economic Institutions and Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 7556, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  25. George A. Akerlof & William R. Dickens & George L. Perry, 1996. "The Macroeconomics of Low Inflation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 27(1), pages 1-76.
  26. Esping-Andersen, Gosta & Regini, Marino (ed.), 2000. "Why Deregulate Labour Markets?," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199240524, October.
  27. Nickell, Stephen & Bell, Brian, 1996. "Changes in the Distribution of Wages and Unemployment in OECD Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 302-08, May.
  28. Adrian Wood, 1995. "How Trade Hurt Unskilled Workers," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 57-80, Summer.
  29. Schettkat, Ronald, 2003. "Institutions in the Economic Fitness Landscape: What Impact Do Welfare State Institutions Have on Economic Performance?," IZA Discussion Papers 696, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  30. Akerlof, George A & Yellen, Janet L, 1985. "Can Small Deviations from Rationality Make Significant Differences to Economic Equilibria?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 708-20, September.
  31. Rowthorn, R E, 1992. "Centralisation, Employment and Wage Dispersion," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(412), pages 506-23, May.
  32. Steiner, Viktor, 1997. "Extended benefit entitlement periods and the duration of unemployment in West Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 97-14, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  33. Rebecca M. Blank, 1994. "Introduction to "Social Protection versus Economic Flexibility: Is There a Trade-Off?"," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Social Protection versus Economic Flexibility: Is There a Trade-Off?, pages 1-20 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  34. Soskice, David, 1990. "Wage Determination: The Changing Role of Institutions in Advanced Industrialized Countries," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(4), pages 36-61, Winter.
  35. Bewley, Truman F, 1995. "A Depressed Labor Market as Explained by Participants," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 85(2), pages 250-54, May.
  36. Roman Arjona & Maxime Ladaique & Mark Pearson, 2001. "Growth, Inequality and Social Protection," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers, OECD Publishing 51, OECD Publishing.
  37. Katharine G. Abraham & Susan N. Houseman, 1993. "Job Security in America: Lessons from Germany," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number kagsnh1993.
  38. Kerstin Pull, 2002. "Labour Market Regulation and Foreign Direct Investment: US multinationals in Germany and the UK," IAAEG Discussion Papers until 2011, Institute of Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) 200204, Institute of Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU).
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Eckhard Hein & Achim Truger, 2005. "Macroeconomic policies, wage developments, and Germany’s stagnation," Macroeconomics, EconWPA 0508015, EconWPA.
  2. Schettkat, Ronald, 2002. "Institutions in the economic fitness landscape: What impact do welfare state institutions have on economic performance?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) FS I 02-210, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  3. Eichhorst, Werner & Feil, Michael & Braun, Christoph, 2008. "What have we learned? Assessing labor market institutions and indicators," IAB Discussion Paper, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 200822, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  4. Gunther Tichy, 2005. "Die ,Neue Unsicherheit: als Ursache der europäischen Wachstumsschwäche," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 6(3), pages 385-407, 08.
  5. Eckhard Hein & Achim Truger, 2005. "What ever happened to Germany? Is the decline of the former European key currency country caused by structural sclerosis or by macroeconomic mismanagement?," Macroeconomics, EconWPA 0501007, EconWPA.
  6. Hein, Eckhard & Truger, Achim, 2004. "What ever happened to Germany? Is the decline of the former European key currency country caused by structural sclerosis or macroeconomic mismanagement?," Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL) 37280, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL).

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:fsi02210. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.