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Die Messung des Sozialstaates: Beschäftigungspolitische Unterschiede zwischen Brutto- und Nettosozialleistungsquote


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  • Kemmerling, Achim
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    Das Konzept der Nettosozialleistungsquote (NSLQ) von W. Adema hat in jüngster Zeit einige zentrale Annahmen der vergleichenden Wohlfahrtsstaatenforschung erschüttert. Nicht nur die quantitative Dimension des Wohlfahrtsstaates in OECD-Ländern, sondern auch seine strukturelle Zusammensetzung erscheinen dadurch in einem anderen Licht. Dieses Diskussionspapier stellt die wesentlichsten Unterschiede zwischen klassischen Indikatoren des Sozialstaates und der NSLQ dar und entwickelt einige Hypothesen zu den Implikationen der NSLQ. Einerseits soll danach gefragt werden, was die NSLQ für die Suche nach Erklärungsursachen und die Typologisierung von Wohlfahrtsstaaten bedeuten kann. Andererseits werden wichtige Korrelate der NSLQ untersucht, um Anhaltspunkte für eine Effizienzbetrachtung der Wohlfahrtsstaaten in ausgewählten OECD-Ländern zu gewinnen. Die NSLQ liefert wertvolle Ergebnisse über parteipolitische Präferenzen für unterschiedliche Politikinstrumente sowie über die Verteilungswirkungen der steuerlichen Anreizsysteme. Sie ist jedoch gegenwärtig nur sehr bedingt für die Evaluation von allokativer Effizienz und beschäftigungspolitischer Performanz verwendbar. -- The concept of a net social expenditure ratio (NSER) by W. Adema raises doubts about some of the central assumptions of comparative welfare state analysis. Not only the quantitative dimension of welfare states in OECD-countries but also their structural components appear in a different light. This working paper shows the essential differences between traditionally used indicators of the welfare state and the NSER, and develops some hypotheses about the implications of the NSER. On the one hand, there is the question of what the NSER means for the search of determinants of welfare state growth and the typology of welfare states. On the other hand, some important correlates of the NSER are analysed to get hints for an efficiency oriented research of OECD welfare states. The NSER shows some interesting results for the political preferences of different parties for social policy instruments, as well as for the redistributive impact of such policies. It is, so far, difficult to handle as a measure of allocative efficiency or the labour market performance of welfare states.

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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number FS I 01-201.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:fsi01201

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    1. Iversen, Torben & Cusack, Thomas R., 1998. "The causes of welfare state expansion: deindustrialization or globalization?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Economic Change and Employment FS I 98-304, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    2. Wilthagen, Ton, 1998. "Flexicurity: A new paradigm for labour market policy reform?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 98-202, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    3. Scharpf, Fritz W., 1999. "The viability of advanced welfare states in the international economy: Vulnerabilities and options," MPIfG Working Paper 99/9, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    4. Willem Adema & Marcel Einerhand, 1998. "The Growing Role of Private Social Benefits," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers, OECD Publishing 32, OECD Publishing.
    5. Scharpf, Fritz W., 1997. "Employment and the welfare state: A continental dilemma," MPIfG Working Paper 97/7, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
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