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Wer spendet in Deutschland? Eine sozialstrukturelle Analyse

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  • Priller, Eckhard
  • Sommerfeld, Jana
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    Abstract

    Das Spenden von Geld für gemeinnützige Zwecke hat in Deutschland eine lange Tradition. Auch in den aktuellen Diskursen zur Zivilgesellschaft erfreuen sich die Spenden der Bürger steigender Aufmerksamkeit. Die vorliegende Studie geht mittels deskriptiver Analysen vorhandener Umfragedaten den Fragen nach, wie hoch die jährliche Spendensumme in Deutschland ist, wer von den Bundesbürgern spendet und welche Faktoren das Spendenverhalten beeinflussen. In den Ergebnissen zeigt sich, dass Umfang und Ausmaß von Spenden in Deutschland durch ein hohes Maß an Kontinuität und Stabilität gekennzeichnet sind. Alter, höhere Bildung, bessere wirtschaftliche Situation und eine starke religiöse Bindung wirken sich förderlich auf die Spendenbereitschaft aus. Die Spendenbeteiligung und Spendenhöhe steigt mit zunehmendem Einkommen, doch spenden untere Einkommensgruppen von ihrem Einkommen prozentual mehr. Bürger, die in Vereinen oder Verbänden engagiert sind, geben häufiger und mehr als nicht engagierte Bürger. -- Giving to nonprofit organisations has a long tradition in Germany. The donations of citizens enjoy increasing attention in current discourses on civil society. This study, by means of descriptive analyses of existing survey data, investigates which German citizens donate and how much yearly, in addition to the factors influencing their donation behaviour. The results show that the extent and volume of donations in Germany are characterised by a high degree of continuity and stability. Age, higher education, a better economic situation and a strong religious commitment positively affect the readiness to give money. The willingness to donate and the amount donated increase with income, though lower income groups give by percentage more. Citizens, who are members in associations, give more frequently and higher amounts than citizens who are not.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Inequality and Social Integration with number SP I 2005-202.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbisi:spi2005202

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    1. Clotfelter, Charles T, 1980. "Tax Incentives and Charitable Giving: Evidence from a Panel of Taxpayers," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 13(3), pages 319-40, June.
    2. Boskin, Michael J & Feldstein, Martin S, 1977. "Effects of the Charitable Deduction on Contributions by Low Income and Middle Income Households: Evidence from the National Survey of Philanthropy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 59(3), pages 351-54, August.
    3. Clotfelter, Charles T., 1980. "Tax incentives and charitable giving: evidence from a panel of taxpayers," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 319-340, June.
    4. Reece, William S, 1979. "Charitable Contributions: New Evidence on Household Behavior," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 142-51, March.
    5. Feldstein, Martin S & Taylor, Amy, 1976. "The Income Tax and Charitable Contributions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(6), pages 1201-22, November.
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