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Nationale und transnationale Städtenetzwerke in der Alpenregion

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  • Behringer, Jeanette
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    Abstract

    Die vorliegende Studie thematisiert die Netzwerke „Allianz in den Alpen“ und das „Klimabündnis Österreich“, die nationale Organisation des europäischen Städtenetzwerks „Klima- Bündnis/Alianza del Clima e.V.“ Zunächst wird ein theoretischer Überblick über Definition, Entstehung, Stabilität, Funktionsweise und Problemlösungsfähigkeit von Netzwerken gegeben. Nach einer Darstellung von Entwicklungen nationalstaatlicher Nachhaltigkeitspolitiken in Österreich und der Schweiz werden die Netzwerke „Allianz in den Alpen“ sowie das „Klimabündnis Österreich“ näher beleuchtet (Entstehung, Ziele, Strukturen, Finanzierung und Entwicklung). Zusammenfassend lässt sich feststellen, dass die Entstehung beider Netzwerke primär als Reaktion auf spezifische Problemlagen gedeutet werden kann, die im Zusammenhang mit nachhaltiger Entwicklung gesehen werden. Beide Netzwerke können als problemorientierte Netzwerke bezeichnet werden: Während die „Allianz in den Alpen“ sich dezidiert auf die besonderen Probleme des Alpenraums bezieht, konzentriert sich das „Klimabündnis Österreich“ speziell auf die politischen Handlungsfelder, die mit der Problematik einer Klimaveränderung im Zusammenhang stehen, sowie auf die transnationale Zusammenarbeit mit den indigenen Völkern des Amazonasbeckens. -- This study will focus on two networks, namely, the “Alliance in the Alps” and the “Austrian Climate Alliance” (the Austrian national organization within the European network “Climate Alliance of European Cities with Indigenous Rainforest Peoples/Alianza del Clima”). The study begins with an overview of network development, stability, functioning, and policy performance. This is followed by an overview of the Swiss and the Austrian national sustainable development, policies respectively, and a description of the Alliance in the Alps Region and the Austrian Climate Alliance, in particular, focusing on those organizations’ respective development, aims, structure, and financing. The development of both networks can be interpreted primarily as a reaction to a specific dilemma of sustainable development. Thus, these networks can be said to be problem-oriented. The Alliance in the Alps concerns itself with problems specific to Alpine areas; the Austrian Climate Alliance, on the other hand, concentrates on specific policy fields directly related to the problem of climate change.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Civil Society and Transnational Networks with number SP IV 2003-104.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbctn:spiv2003104

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