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Analyse der Vorschläge der EU-Kommission vom 12. Oktober 2011 zur künftigen Gestaltung der Direktzahlungen im Rahmen der GAP nach 2013

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Author Info

  • Forstner, Bernhard
  • Deblitz, Claus
  • Kleinhanß, Werner
  • Nieberg, Hiltrud
  • Offermann, Frank
  • Röder, Norbert
  • Salamon, Petra
  • Sanders, Jürn
  • Weingarten, Peter

Abstract

Dieser Arbeitsbericht analysiert und bewertet die Auswirkungen der Vorschläge der EUKommission zur künftigen Gestaltung der Direktzahlungen an landwirtschaftliche Betriebe ab 2014. Im Mittelpunkt der auf Deutschland bezogenen Analysen stehen die Vorschläge zum sog. Greening, das neue Anforderungen hinsichtlich der Anbaudiversifizierung, der Bereitstellung ökologischer Vorrangflächen und des Erhalts von Dauergrünland vorsieht. Darüber hinaus werden zentrale weitere Vorschläge, wie z.B. die allgemeine Kürzung der Direktzahlungen, deren mögliche Umverteilung in die 2. Säule der GAP sowie die Degression und Kappung der Zahlungen behandelt. Neben eher kurzfristig und auf das Machbare orientierten Empfehlungen betonen die Autoren der Studie, dass sie die 2. Säule der GAP für zielgerichtete Maßnahmen geeigneter halten als die 1. Säule. Daher sollten langfristig für Direktzahlungen vorgesehene Mittel zunehmend in die 2. Säule verlagert werden und dort möglichst gezielt eingesetzt werden. In der Förderperiode 2014 bis 2020 sollte Deutschland die Optionen zur Stärkung der 2. Säule ausschöpfen. -- This working paper presents recently published proposals of the European Commission for direct payments to farmers as of 2014, and both analyses and assesses their impacts. The focus lies on the so called greening measures with regard to Germany which include new requirements regarding crop rotation, the provision of ecologically favoured areas and a conservation of permanent pastures. Furthermore, the analyses deal with other important proposals, e.g. a general reduction of direct payments in Germany, their optional reallocation towards the 2. pillar of the CAP and the degression and capping of the payments. In addition to a number of feasible short term recommendations, the authors of the study stress that in the long run direct payments should be more focused on goods that are desired by society. During the funding period 2014 to 2020 Germany should fully utilize the options to strengthen the 2. pillar.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries in its series Arbeitsberichte aus der vTI-Agrarökonomie with number 04/2012.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:vtiaba:042012

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Web page: http://www.ti.bund.de/en/startseite/home.html
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Related research

Keywords: GAP-Reform; Politikanalyse; Direktzahlungen; Greening; Deutschland; CAP reform; policy analysis; direct payments; greening; Germany;

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