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Alterung in Berufen: Der Beitrag ökonomischer Einflüsse

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  • Henseke, Golo
  • Tivig, Thusnelda

Abstract

Demografischer Wandel und die strukturellen Veränderungen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt tragen gemeinsam zur Alterung des Beschäftigtenbestands bei. Während der demografische Wandel eine gesellschaftliche Entwicklung ist, variieren Arbeitsmarkttrends über Berufe. Basierend auf Beschäftigtendaten der Bundesagentur für Arbeit zeichnen wir ein detailliertes Bild der Alterung in Berufsklassen über die letzten 20 Jahre nach. Dazu zerlegen wir den Anstieg des Durchschnittsalters der Beschäftigten in eine demografische und eine ökonomische Komponente und bringen die Befunde anschließend in einen Zusammenhang mit der Beschäftigtendynamik und der Gehaltsverteilung. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass der demografische Wandel in den letzten zwei Jahrzehnten klar zur Alterung der Beschäftigten beitrug, allerdings mit Unterschieden zwischen Berufen und Perioden. Ökonomisch bedingte Alterung setzte hauptsächlich erst nach 2000 ein und war besonders deutlich in Berufen in der Mitte der Gehaltsverteilung ausgeprägt. --

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Paper provided by Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association in its series Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order with number 80001.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc13:80001

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