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Trade Integration and the Fragility of Trade Relationships: A Product Level Perspective

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  • Nitsch, Volker
  • Besedes, Tibor

Abstract

We investigate the effect of economic integration agreements on the stability of international trade at the 4 digit SITC level. Using annual trade data for over 180 countries from 1962 to 2005 we examine how economic integration agreements affect the length of trade relationships, the volume at the start of new trade relationships, and how quickly trade grows within a relationship. We find evidence of an interesting dichotomy which highlights the relevance of transaction costs for exports. While economic integration increases the length of trade relationships which started prior to the agreement, it reduces the length of those started after the agreement. Similarly, economic integration increases the growth rate of relationships which started prior to the agreement, but decreases the growth rate of those that started after the agreement. With respect to starting size of trade relationships, economic integration lowers initial transaction volumes. --

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Paper provided by Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association in its series Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order with number 79977.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc13:79977

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  1. Céline CARRERE & Vanessa STRAUSS-KAHN, 2012. "Exports Dynamics: Raising Developing Countries Exports Survival through Experience," Working Papers P35-A, FERDI.
  2. Besedes, Tibor & Prusa, Thomas J., 2011. "The role of extensive and intensive margins and export growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 371-379, November.
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  5. James E. Anderson & Yoto V. Yotov, 2011. "Terms of Trade and Global Efficiency Effects of Free Trade Agreements, 1990-2002," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 780, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 11 Oct 2011.
  6. Carrere, Celine, 2006. "Revisiting the effects of regional trade agreements on trade flows with proper specification of the gravity model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 223-247, February.
  7. Dick Nuwamanya Kamuganga, 2012. "Does Intra-Africa Regional Trade Cooperation Enhance Africa’s Export Survival?," IHEID Working Papers 16-2012, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
  8. Wolfgang Hess & Maria Persson, 2012. "The duration of trade revisited," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 43(3), pages 1083-1107, December.
  9. Sueyoshi, Glenn T, 1995. "A Class of Binary Response Models for Grouped Duration Data," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(4), pages 411-31, Oct.-Dec..
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