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Wirtschaftsförderung, Produktivität und betriebliche Arbeitsnachfrage - Eine Kausalanalyse mit Betriebspaneldaten -

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  • Kölling, Arnd
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    Abstract

    Die vorliegende Studie möchte einen Beitrag zur Analyse der Wirkung öffentlicher Wirtschaftsförderung leisten. Mit Daten des IAB-Betriebspanels der Jahre 1996 bis 2009 wird die der Einfluss staatlicher Unterstützung auf verschiedene Indikatoren, die einen Einblick in die betriebliche Entwicklung gewähren, untersucht. Dazu werden bedingte „Differenz-von Differenzen“-Schätzer mittels eines Propensity Score Matching hergeleitet. Es zeigt sich, dass geförderte Betrieben eine erhöhte Investitionstätigkeit und Arbeitsnachfrage aufweisen. Jedoch werden im Durchschnitt Betriebe gefördert, die bereits zuvor mehr investierten als ungeförderte. Allerdings gibt es auch Hinweise, dass die geförderten Betriebe ihre Investitionen direkt vor der Förderung verringern. Dies kann auf Mitnahmeeffekte hindeuten. Die Kosten für einen zusätzlichen Arbeitsplatz lassen sich nach 5 Jahren auf eine Förderung in Höhe von 4.900 € beziffern. Dagegen ergeben sich keine oder kaum Veränderungen bei der Entlohnung, der Produktivität und der Wertschöpfung der Betriebe. --

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    Paper provided by Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association in its series Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order with number 79843.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc13:79843

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