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Grundeinkommen vs. Kombilohn: Beschäftigungs- und Finanzierungswirkungen und Unterschiede im Empfängerkreis

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  • Fuest, Clemens
  • Peichl, Andreas

Abstract

In der ökonomischen Literatur wird oft argumentiert, dass Kombilohnmodelle und Grundeinkommenskonzepte im Prinzip nur Varianten einer negativen Einkommenssteuer seien. Dabei wird oft übersehen, dass diese Konzepte sehr unterschiedliche Gruppen der Bevölkerung einbeziehen. Dieser Beitrag bietet einen empirischen Vergleich der Bezugsgruppen dieser Konzepte. Wir zeigen, dass der Übergang zu einem selbst restriktiv ausgestalteten Grundeinkommen die Zahl der Transferempfänger gegenüber dem Status quo ungefähr verdoppeln würde. Beim Kombilohn würde die Zahl der Transferempfänger hingegen nur um rund zehn Prozent ansteigen. Das hat Folgen für die Finanzierbarkeit und die Beschäftigungswirkungen. Das zentrale Resultat unserer Analyse lautet, dass der Unterschied im Empfängerkreis letztlich die Ursache dafür darstellt, dass Kombilohnkonzepte finanzierbar sind und positive Beschäftigungswirkungen entfalten können, während Grundeinkommenskonzepte entweder nicht finanzierbar sind, oder, wegen der erforderlichen Gegenfinanzierung, negative Beschäftigungswirkungen entfalten. -- The economic literature often argues that basic income schemes and low wage subsidies to employees are just special cases of a negative income tax. In this debate, it is ignored that these concepts target different population subgroups. This paper investigates the different target groups and the particular implications on government budget and labour supply. A basic income scheme doubles the number of net benefit receiving persons whereas a more targeted wage subsidy increases this number by only 10%. These differences explain why wage subsidy programs can be financed and evoke positive labour supply effects, while basic income schemes either lead to high costs or to negative employment effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Cologne, FiFo Institute for Public Economics in its series FiFo Discussion Papers - Finanzwissenschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge with number 07-9.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:uoccpe:7039

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Keywords: Grundeinkommen; Bürgergeld; Kombilohn; Empfängerkreis; Basic income; wage subsidy; benefit recipients;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Clemens Fuest & Andreas Peichl & Thilo Schaefer, 2007. "Beschäftigungs- und Finanzierungswirkungen des Bürgergeldkonzepts von Dieter Althaus," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(10), pages 36-40, 05.
  2. Sterner, Cornelia, 2010. "Ein bedingungsloses Grundeinkommen in Form der negativen Einkommensteuer: Eine soziologische und finanzwissenschaftliche Analyse
    [An unconditional basic income in the form of the negative income ta
    ," MPRA Paper 39703, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jun 2012.
  3. Clemens Fuest & Joachim Mitschke & Andreas Peichl & Thilo Schaefer, 2007. "Der Kölner Kombilohn für den Niedriglohnsektor," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(11), pages 25-29, 06.
  4. Andreas Peichl & Nico Pestel & Hilmar Schneider & Sebastian Siegloch, 2011. "Reform der Hartz IV‐Hinzuverdienstregelungen: Ein verfehlter Ansatz," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 12(1), pages 12-26, 02.
  5. Hetzer, Nina & Peichl, Andreas, 2009. "Steuerstrukturreform trotz leerer Kassen?!," IZA Standpunkte 23, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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