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Die Zitationshäufigkeit als Qualitätsindikator im Rahmen der Forschungsleistungsmessung

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  • Müller, Harry
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    Abstract

    Dieser Beitrag widmet sich den Problemen und Anwendungsfeldern der Forschungsleistungsmessung mit Hilfe von Zitationen. Dazu ist zunächst grundlegend zu klären, weshalb Zitationen als Indikator für Forschungsleistung geeignet sind und wo die Grenzen dieses Konzepts liegen. Darauf aufbauend sollen die gängigen Methoden zur Erstellung wissenschaftlicher Rankings vorgestellt und kritisch bewertet werden. Dabei stellt sich heraus, dass für eine deutschsprachige Sozialwissenschaft wie die Betriebswirtschaftslehre, an deren Beispiel in diesem Beitrag argumentiert wird, zahlreiche Besonderheiten zu berücksichtigen sind. Bei der Wahl der geeigneten Rankingmethode muss bedacht werden, dass die Publikationen z. T. in deutscher Sprache erscheinen und neben wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften auch Monographien und Sammelbände wichtige Publikationsmedien sind. Bei Berücksichtigung dessen lässt sich folgern, dass zitationsbasierte Verfahren trotz ihrer spezifischen Schwächen die für viele Zwecke am besten geeignete Methodik darstellen. -- This article addresses the problems and application fields of using citations as a measure of research performance. First, it is pointed out why citations are a useful indicator of research performance and what defines the limits of this approach. Thereon, the current methods for constructing research rankings will be presented and critically evaluated. It turns out that for a social science like business administration, several peculiarities have to be considered: Research findings are often published in German language, and besides scientific journals, monographs and edited volumes are equally important types of research media. By taking this into account, it can be argued that despite some specific weaknesses citation based approaches are the most appropriate methodology for accessing research performance under many circumstances.

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    Paper provided by University of Münster, Institute for Organisational Economics in its series Discussion Papers of the Institute for Organisational Economics with number 1/2012.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:umiodp:12012

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Henrekson, Magnus & Waldenström, Daniel, 2008. "How Should Research Performance Be Measured? A Study of Swedish Economists," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 693, Stockholm School of Economics.
    2. Bruno S. Frey & Katja Rost, 2008. "Do Rankings Reflect Research Quality?," IEW - Working Papers 390, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
    3. Joshua Aizenman & Kenneth Kletzer, 2011. "The life cycle of scholars and papers in economics - the 'citation death tax'," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(27), pages 4135-4148.
    4. Dilger, Alexander, 2009. "Rankings von Zeitschriften und Personen in der BWL," IÖB-Diskussionspapiere 5/09, University of Münster, Institute for Economic Education.
    5. Günther G. Schulze & Susanne Warning & Christian Wiermann, 2008. "Zeitschriftenrankings für die Wirtschaftswissenschaften - Konstruktion eines umfassenden Metaindexes," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 9(3), pages 286-305, 08.
    6. Dilger, Alexander & Müller, Harry, 2010. "A citation based ranking of German-speaking researchers in business administration with data of Google Scholar," Discussion Papers of the Institute for Organisational Economics 1/2010, University of Münster, Institute for Organisational Economics.
    7. David A Griffith & Salih Tamer Cavusgil & Shichun Xu, 2008. "Emerging themes in international business research," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 39(7), pages 1220-1235, October.
    8. Sönke Albers, 2009. "Misleading Rankings of Research in Business," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 10, pages 352-363, 08.
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