Ecological fiscal transfers at the provincial level in Indonesia
AbstractA region of ecological importance which generates uncompensated cross-territorial positive spillovers has a comparatively higher fiscal need due to the direct and indirect costs it incurs for nature conservation. In order adequately to acknowledge fiscal needs relating to nature conservation, we propose an indicator based on protected area as a means of distributing general-purpose transfers and model the consequences of this for Indonesia's current system of fiscal transfer from the national to the provincial level. The results suggest that about a third of the country's provinces would benefit from the new transfer regime and that the equalizing effect of the transfers increases as the proportion of protected area increases. --
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS) in its series UFZ Discussion Papers with number 06/2012.
Date of creation: 2012
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More information through EDIRC
ecological fiscal transfers; intergovernmental fiscal transfer; biodiversity conservation; protected areas; fiscal equalization; Indonesia;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
- Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-03-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENV-2012-03-14 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-SEA-2012-03-14 (South East Asia)
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