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Sind die Preise für Wasserdienstleistungen der Ver- und Entsorgung in Deutschland wirklich kostendeckend?

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  • Gawel, Erik
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    Abstract

    Art. 9 der europäischen Wasserrahmenrichtlinie trägt den Mitgliedsstaaten auf, bis 2010 die nationalen Anforderungen an die Entgelte für Wasserdienstleistungen am Prinzip der Kosten-deckung einschließlich Umwelt- und Ressourcenkosten auszurichten, um effiziente Anreize für die Nutzung knapper Wasserressourcen zu setzen. Im Zuge der Implementation der Richtlinie wurden nahezu flächendeckend empirische Studien zur Erfassung der faktischen Kostendeckungsgrade der Trinkwasserver- und Abwasserentsorgung in Deutschland vorgelegt. Der nachfolgende Beitrag prüft kritisch, inwieweit die dabei zu Tage tretenden Ergebnisse und die eingesetzte Methodik die weithin vertretene These von der bereits gegebenen Kostendeckung in Deutschland stützen können. Es wird gezeigt, dass wesentliche Aspekte der Erfüllungs-pflichten aus Art. 9 zur Umsetzung erst noch anstehen. -- Art. 9 of the European Water Framework Directive requires of the Member States up to 2010 a national pricing policy for water-related services that ensures full cost-recovery including environmental and resource costs. The WFD's cost-recovery of water services aims at setting efficient incentives for the use of scarce water resources. In the course of the directive's implementation in Germany, several empirical studies concerning the revenue-to-cost ratio in the German water services sector have been conducted so far. Based on the empirical find-ings it has been argued that cost-recovery has already been achieved as far as water supply and sewage disposal in Germany are concerned. This paper critically discusses the results as well as the methodological avenues of the conducted surveys. Do they really reveal a satisfy-ing level of cost-recovery in practice? It is emphasised that relevant aspects of the obligations derived from Art. 9 are still to be met even in the German water utilities sector.

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    Paper provided by Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS) in its series UFZ Discussion Papers with number 05/2012.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ufzdps:052012

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    Keywords: Wasserwirtschaft; Gebühren; Entgelte; Wasserrahmenrichtlinie; Kostendeckung; Lenkung; Kommunalabgabenrecht; water supply; sewerage; fees; water prices; Water Framework Directive; cost recovery; regu-latory charges; German law of municipal charges and levies;

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