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Verringerung von Arbeitslosigkeit durch Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes : Die entscheidende Einflussgröße

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  • Kirchner, Armin H.
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    Abstract

    Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird von einem ökonomischen Standpunkt aus theoretischer Sicht untersucht, ob durch eine Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes in Zeiten hoher Arbeitslosigkeit die Beschäftigung gesteigert werden kann, wenn die Antizipation eines hohen Kündigungsschutzes durch die Arbeitgeber ex ante zu einem geringen Beschäftigungsniveau führt, da Entlassungen ex post zu teuer werden bzw. nur schwer möglich sind. Eine Diskussion der kritischen Modellannahmen zeigt, dass die Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes nur unter bestimmten Umständen einen Beitrag zu mehr Beschäftigung leisten kann. Eine notwendige Bedingung hierfür ist die gleichzeitige Stimulierung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Dynamik durch geeignete Maßnahmen. Die Interpretation der Modellergebnisse in einem größeren Kontext führt zu Einsichten in das allgemeinere Problem von Sozialreformen. -- This paper theoretically analyses from an economic point of view whether relaxing dismissal protection may lead to more occupation when unemployment is high, if ex ante anticipation of draconic dismissal protection by employers causes low occupation because actual dismissals will be too expensive or rather hardly feasible ex post. Discussing the critical assumptions underlying the model shows that relaxing dismissal protection can make contribution to decrease unemployment under certain circumstances only. A necessary condition therefor is to simultaneously stimulate macroeconomic dynamics by appropriate actions. Interpretation of the results, within the setting proposed, in a broader context provides insights into the more general problem of social reforms.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics in its series Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge with number 277.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuedps:277

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    Keywords: Dismissal Protection; Unemployment; Social Reforms;

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    1. Stephen Nickell, 1997. "Unemployment and Labor Market Rigidities: Europe versus North America," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 55-74, Summer.
    2. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Job security, employment and wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 851-879, June.
    3. David Donaldson & Hugh Neary, 1984. "Decentralized Control of a Socialist Industry," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 17(1), pages 99-110, February.
    4. Bentolila, Samuel & Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Firing Costs and Labour Demand: How Bad Is Eurosclerosis?," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 381-402, July.
    5. Lazear, Edward P, 1990. "Job Security Provisions and Employment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(3), pages 699-726, August.
    6. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
    7. Emerson, Michael, 1988. "Regulation or deregulation of the labour market : Policy regimes for the recruitment and dismissal of employees in the industrialised countries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 775-817, April.
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