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Deutschland in der "Multilateralismusfalle"? Reaktionen auf Zielkonflikte der internationalen Sicherheitspolitik in der out-of-area-Debatte 1992-1994


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  • Prem, Berenike
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    Auslandseinsätze der Bundeswehr verdeutlichen wie kein anderer Anlass die Chancen und Risiken, die mit der multilateralen Einbettung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in die Vereinten Nationen (VN), die EU und die Nato einhergehen. Spätestens an ihnen entzündet sich eine Debatte über Vorteile und Schattenseiten der Eingliederung in internationale Organisationen, da in ihnen der multilaterale Handlungsdruck und die Gefahren einer militärischen Intervention unmittelbar sichtbar werden. Ausgehend von den drei Out-of-area Einsätzen zu Beginn der 1990er Jahre untersucht das vorliegende Papier den innerstaatlichen Deutungskampf über die Konsequenzen der internationalisierten Sicherheitspolitik zwischen der Bundesregierung, der Opposition und dem Bundesverfassungsgericht. Eine Frame-Analyse des Diskurses lässt darauf schließen, dass der deutsche Multilateralismus in der Sicherheitspolitik zu einem ungeschriebenen Gesetz geworden ist: Die Out-of-area Kontroverse konzentriert sich weniger auf das ob der Internationalisierung, als auf die Fragen, welche Institutionen gestärkt werden sollten und welche Verbesserung auf nationaler Ebene vorzunehmen sind, um mit der Internationalisierung Schritt zu halten. -- International deployments of the Bundeswehr are the latest sign that Germany has come of age in its foreign and security policy. Whenever ahead, however, they spur a lively debate on the promises and drawbacks of internationalized security arrangements such as the UN, EU and NATO. They illustrate both the entangling tendency of international organization and the inherent dangers of a military intervention. Based on a frame analysis of the out-of area debate at the beginnings of the 1990s, this paper examines the meaning contest waged between the government, the opposition and the Federal Constitutional Court over the consequences of internationalization processes in the realm of security. Multilateralism, as the findings suggest, has virtually become an unwritten constitutional principle: The discourse has focused less on whether Germany should pursue its security policy through international organizations but on which institutions should be strengthened and which national adaptations would desirable to keep pace with the internationalization processes.

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    Paper provided by University of Bremen, Collaborative Research Center 597: Transformations of the State in its series TranState Working Papers with number 174.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:sfb597:174

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    1. Z Rn, Michael & Leibfried, Stephan, 2005. "1 Reconfiguring the national constellation," European Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(S1), pages 1-36, March.
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