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Cyberscience: Die Zukunft der Wissenschaft im Zeitalter der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien


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  • Nentwich, Michael


Dieses Papier beschäftigt sich mit den Auswirkungen der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien auf den Wissenschaftsbetrieb. Zwei Thesen stehen im Zentrum: (1) Erstens, daß die I&K-Technologien einige Rahmenbedingungen und praktisch alle Formen wissenschaftlicher Tätigkeit betreffen. Ein systematisches Screening macht deutlich, daß sowohl der organisatorischen Rahme des Wissenschaftsbetriebs wie auch die Wissensproduktion sowie die Formen der wissenschaftlichen Kommunikation und schließlich die Wissensvermittlung (Lehre) direkt betroffen sind. (2) Eine zweite, darauf aufbauende These lautet, daß die vielen Entwicklungen, mit denen sich die WissenschafterInnen konfrontiert sehen - angefangen von der ständigen Nutzung des Computers am Arbeitsplatz, über die Verlagerung der Kommunikation mit KollegInnen in Richtung E-mail, bis zu neuen elektronischen Publikationsformen - nicht nur, wie zumeist angenommen, die Kommunikation beschleunigen, sondern das Potential zu qualitativen Veränderungen des Wissenschaftssystems haben. Diese These wird mit Hinweisen auf bereits eingeleitete bzw. möglicherweise bevorstehende Veränderungen hinsichtlich eines Kernstücks der wissenschaftlichen Kommunikation, nämlich des Publikationswesens, weiters der Ortsgebundenheit von Forschung und schließlich hinsichtlich der Verteilung der Rollen im Wissenschaftsbetrieb belegt. -- This paper deals with the impact of information and communication technologies on the research system. Two hypotheses are central: (1) First, the I&C technologies affect several framework conditions and virtually all forms of scholarly activity. Systematic screening reveals that both the organisational setting and the production of knowledge as well as scholarly communication and finally the transfer of academic knowledge (teaching) are directly affected. (2) On this basis, the second hypothesis argues that the many developments faced by scholars - constant use of the computer at the work place, shift of the communication with colleagues to E-mail, new electronic publication formats - do not only accelerate communication, as frequently assumed, but also have the potential to lead to qualitative changes in the scholarly system. This is substantiated by hints to actual or expected changes in the publication system (i.e. the heart of the scholarly communication system), the removal of spatial limitations of research and finally with respect to the distribution of roles in academia.

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Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Working Paper with number 99/6.

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Date of creation: 1999
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgw:996

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