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Governance, Demokratie und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in den ehemals sozialistischen Staaten

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  • Apolte, Thomas
  • Peters, Heiko

Abstract

Nach dem Zusammenbruch der sozialistischen Systeme vollzogen die betroffenen Ländern Mittel- und Osteuropas in unterschiedlichem Tempo und sequencing den Weg zu Demokratie und einer marktwirtschaftlichen Wirtschaftsordnung. Die polit-ökonomischen Probleme bei der Durchsetzung der umfassenden ökonomischen Reformen gaben Anlass zu einer bis heute anhaltenden Debatte über die Frage, ob die Einführung von Demokratie angesichts umfassender ökonomischer Reformen nicht besser verzögert werden sollte. Nach einer theoretischen Betrachtung von Governance, Demokratie und Reformen folgt in diesem Beitrag ein Überblick über empirische Studien zum Zusammenhang zwischen Demokratie und Niveau (oder Wachstum) des BIP pro Kopf. Anschließend untersuchen wir mit verschiedenen empirischen Modellen den Zusammenhang zwischen Demokratisierung einerseits und Wirtschaftswachstum oder Niveau des BIP pro Kopf andererseits für 30 Transformationsländer für den Zeitraum von 1992 bis 2007. -- Following the collapse of the socialist systems the countries of Middle- and Eastern Europe followed their way to democracy and a market economy with different speed and sequencing. The related political-economy issues gave rise to an ongoing debate on the question as to whether the introduction of democracy in view of comprehensive economic reforms may better be delayed. After some theoretical considerations around governance, democracy, and reforms an overview of empirical studies on the relation of democracy and the level (or rate of growth) of GDP per capita is presented in this paper. We then explore the relation between democracy on the one hand and economic growth or the level of GDP per capita on the other hand in 30 transition countries from 1992 to 2007, applying different empirical models.

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Paper provided by University of Münster, Institute for Economic Education in its series IÖB-Diskussionspapiere with number 1/09.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:ioebdp:109

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Keywords: Demokratie; Liberalisierung; Wirtschaftswachstum; Transformationsländer; Democracy; Liberalization; Economic Growth; Transition Countries;

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References

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